Table 3

Crude and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between labour market position in young adulthood and later alcohol-related morbidity, for total cohort and stratified by sex

Crude
HR (95%CI)
Model 1
HR adjusted (95%CI)
Model 2
HR adjusted (95%CI)
Model 3
HR adjusted (95%CI)
Number of events (%)
Total
SER (reference)1.001.001.001.001702 (1.3)
PER1.77 (1.64 to 1.92)1.47 (1.36 to 1.60)1.42 (1.31 to 1.54)1.43 (1.32 to 1.55)986 (2.3)
Long-term unemployed2.71 (2.51 to 2.93)2.11 (1.95 to 2.28)2.00 (1.85 to 2.16)1.95 (1.80 to 2.11)1065 (4.0)
SSER1.24 (1.16 to 1.32)1.16 (1.09 to 1.24)1.15 (1.07 to 1.23)1.15 (1.07 to 1.23)1720 (1.6)
Other2.88 (2.67 to 3.10)1.97 (1.83 to 2.13)1.65 (1.53 to 1.79)1.64 (1.51 to 1.77)1240 (4.1)
Male
SER (reference)1.001.001.001.001147 (1.6)
PER1.82 (1.65 to 2.01)1.53 (1.39 to 1.69)1.48 (1.34 to 1.63)1.50 (1.36 to 1.65)653 (3.0)
Long-term unemployed2.68 (2.44 to 2.94)2.21 (2.01 to 2.43)2.10 (1.91 to 2.31)2.04 (1.86 to 2.25)752 (4.8)
SSER1.24 (1.15 to 1.35)1.17 (1.08 to 1.27)1.16 (1.06 to 1.26)1.16 (1.07 to 1.26)1149 (2.1)
Other2.77 (2.53 to 3.04)1.95 (1.77 to 2.15)1.66 (1.51 to 1.84)1.66 (1.50 to 1.83)747 (4.9)
Female
SER (reference)1.001.001.001.00555 (0.9)
PER1.74 (1.52 to 2.00)1.36 (1.18 to 1.56)1.31 (1.14 to 1.51)1.32 (1.14 to 1.51)333 (1.6)
Long-term unemployed2.60 (2.27 to 2.99)1.88 (1.63 to 2.17)1.78 (1.55 to 2.05)1.75 (1.52 to 2.02)313 (2.9)
SSER1.24 (1.10 to 1.39)1.13 (1.01 to 1.28)1.12 (1.00 to 1.26)1.12 (1.00 to 1.26)571 (1.1)
Other3.18 (2.82 to 3.60)1.98 (1.74 to 2.50)1.61 (1.41 to 1.84)1.59 (1.39 to 1.82)493 (3.3)
  • Model 1: Adjusted for sex (total only), country of birth, year of birth, age at baseline, highest levels of own education.

  • Model 2: Additional adjustment for previous mental health problems and previous alcohol-related health problems requiring inpatient care.

  • Model 3: Additional adjustment for highest level of parents’ educational attainment and socioeconomic status, as well as parents’ alcohol-related health problems.

  • Other: self-employed, not registered as employed or student.

  • PER, precarious employment relation; SER, standard employment relation; SSER, sub-standard employment relation.