Table 3

Age-adjusted relative risk (adj RR) with 95% CI for foreign-born women and men versus their Swedish-born references (ref 1.00) with COVID-19

U07.1 outpatientsU07.2 outpatientsU07.1 inpatientsU07.2 inpatients
SSYK2012 Sex Adj RR (95% CI) Adj RR (95% CI) Adj RR (95% CI) Adj RR (95% CI)
22–23†Female1.41 (1.20 to 1.66)**1.77 (1.44 to 2.17)**2.26 (1.88 to 2.72)**1.56 (1.00 to 2.43)*
Male2.04 (1.67 to 2.49)**2.18 (1.65 to 2.87)**3.12 (2.57 to 3.78)**1.93 (0.95 to 3.94)
51–53‡Female2.16 (1.97 to 2.37)**2.14 (1.87 to 2.46)**3.20 (2.90 to 3.53)**1.15 (0.86 to 1.54)
Male2.59 (2.28 to 2.96)**2.35 (1.91 to 2.90)**3.60 (3.14 to 4.14)**2.58 (1.63 to 4.08)**
83§Female4.09 (1.58 to 10.59)*1.01 (0.33 to 3.07)7.82 (1.56 to 39.17)*
Male4.37 (3.45 to 5.54)**2.44 (1.87 to 3.19)**5.09 (4.26 to 6.07)**2.79 (1.74 to 4.45)**
All other¶Female1.95 (1.75 to 2.18)**1.70 (1.47 to 1.97)**2.89 (2.55 to 3.27)**1.07 (0.76 to 1.50)
Male2.54 (2.32 to 2.78)**2.28 (2.03 to 2.56)**3.36 (3.09 to 3.65)**1.51 (1.16 to 1.96)*
Missing††Female2.19 (1.97 to 2.44)**1.25 (1.11 to 1.42)**2.59 (2.37 to 2.84)**0.87 (0.67 to 1.15)
Male2.26 (2.01 to 2.54)**1.77 (1.57 to 2.00)**2.67 (2.42 to 2.95)**0.83 (0.66 to 1.03)
  • –means no cases.

  • Age-adjusted relative risks are presented in working age 20–64 years by job titles in the Swedish Standard Classifications of Occupations (SSYK2012) and given as clinical cases of COVID-19 with a positive PCR test (ICD-10 code of U07.1) and clinical cases of COVID-19 without a positive PCR test (ICD-10 code of U07.2), respectively.

  • *P<0.05.

  • †Corresponding to ISCO-08 code 22 Health Professionals and 23 Teaching Professionals.

  • ‡Corresponding to ISCO-08 code 51 Personal Service Workers, 52 Sales Workers and 53 Personal Care Workers.

  • §Corresponding to ISCO-08 code 83 Drivers and Mobile Plant Operators.

  • ¶All other SSYK-codes lumped together.

  • **P<0.001.

  • ††Missing code according to SSYK, for example, unemployed, students.

  • ISCO-08, International Standard Classification of Occupations.