Table 1

Characteristics of healthcare workers in the Netherlands (n=1915 at baseline) by period of measurement

Measurement 1
November 2019
(n=1915)
Measurement 2
July 2020
(n=1310)
Measurement 3
November 2020
(n=1192)
Measurement 4
March 2021
(n=1046)
Measurement 5
November 2021
(n=819)
Age (%)
 19–34506 (26)325 (25)284 (24)224 (21)150 (18)
 35–44356 (19)237 (18)207 (17)184 (18)150 (18)
 45–54438 (23)303 (23)286 (24)256 (25)222 (27)
 55–65615 (32)445 (34)415 (35)382 (36)297 (37)
Sex (% female)1563 (82)1061 (81)970 (81)861 (82)671 (82)
Household composition (%)
 Single430 (23)288 (22)275 (23)249 (24)185 (22)
 Having a partner638 (33)428 (33)418 (35)355 (34)275 (34)
 Having a partner with child(ren)847 (44)594 (45)499 (42)442 (42)359 (44)
Level of education (%)
 Low110 (6)80 (6)69 (6)67 (6)48 (6)
 Middle765 (40)522 (40)468 (39)419 (40)332 (41)
 High1036 (54)706 (54)652 (55)560 (54)437 (53)
Working hours per week (mean, SD)*26.90 (8.99)18.80 (7.36)28.52 (7.27)28.26 (7.66)
Subgroup (%)
 Working with patients with COVID-19135 (10)193 (16)177 (17)169 (21)
 Working with other patients649 (50)540 (45)470 (45)373 (46)
 Not working with patients467 (35)418 (35)349 (33)342 (30)
Working conditions (mean, SD)
 Job autonomy (1–3)2.40 (0.49)2.33 (0.52)2.34 (0.52)2.33 (0.53)2.33 (0.52)
 Psychological job demands (1–4)2.44 (0.63)2.34 (0.58)2.35 (0.58)2.31 (0.58)2.39 (0.64)
 Emotional demands (1–4)2.21 (0.55)2.20 (0.53)2.18 (0.54)2.14 (0.51)2.17 (0.55)
 Social support from colleagues (1–4)3.43 (0.56)3.47 (0.55)3.48 (0.54)3.48 (0.52)3.48 (0.54)
 Social support from supervisor (1–4)3.01 (0.66)3.08 (0.67)3.08 (0.67)3.11 (0.64)3.07 (0.67)
Emotional exhaustion (1–7) (mean, SD)2.34 (1.25)2.42 (1.24)2.40 (1.24)2.35 (1.25)2.51 (1.37)
  • *Not available for measurement 2.