Table 3

Linear mixed model estimates for the influence of hospital pressure on differences across healthcare workers in changes in psychosocial working conditions and emotional exhaustion

Job autonomy (1–3)Psychological job demands (1–4)Emotional demands (1–4)Social support from colleagues (1–4)Social support from supervisor (1–4)Emotional exhaustion (1–7)
β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)
Subgroup
 Working with patients with COVID-190.18 (−0.24 to0.11) 0.07 (−0.01 to 0.15) 0.20 (0.12 to 0.28) 0.08 (−0.01 to 0.17)0.14 (−0.26 to0.03) −0.06 (−0.23 to 0.11)
 Working with other patients0.08 (−0.12 to0.04) 0.04 (−0.01 to 0.09) 0.08 (0.03 to 0.13) 0.04 (−0.02 to 0.10)0.09 (−0.16 to0.02) −0.02 (−0.12 to 0.09)
 Not working with patientsRefRefRefRefRefRef
Hospital pressure−0.03 (−0.10 to 0.04)0.01 (−0.07 to 0.10)−0.02 (−0.10 to 0.06)0.01 (−0.09 to 0.11)−0.05 (−0.17 to 0.07)−0.10 (−0.27 to 0.07)
Interaction between subgroup and hospital pressure
 Working with patients with COVID-19 × hospital pressure 0.15 (0.02 to 0.29) 0.01 (−0.17 to 0.18)0.22 (−0.38 to0.06) −0.01 (−0.21 to 0.20)0.18 (−0.07 to 0.43)0.32 (−0.03 to 0.67)
 Working with other patients × hospital pressure0.01 (−0.08 to 0.10)−0.0003 (−0.11 to 0.11)−0.02 (−0.12 to 0.09)−0.03 (−0.17 to 0.10)0.06 (−0.10 to 0.22)0.17 (−0.06 to 0.40)
 Not working with patients × hospital pressureRefRefRefRefRefRef
  • Bold indicates statistical significance (p<0.05). Analyses were corrected for sex, age, household composition, level of education, working hours and baseline score of the specific working condition.