Table 2

Linear mixed model estimates for differences across healthcare workers in changes in psychosocial working conditions and emotional exhaustion during the COVID-19 pandemic, compared with baseline scores

Job autonomy (1–3)Psychological job demands (1–4)Emotional demands (1–4)Social support from colleagues (1–4)Social support from supervisor (1–4)Emotional exhaustion (1–7)
β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)
Subgroup
 Working with patients with COVID-190.12 (−0.15 to0.08) 0.07 (0.03 to 0.12) 0.11 (0.07 to 0.15) 0.08 (0.03 to 0.13) 0.08 (−0.14 to0.01) 0.06 (−0.04 to 0.16)
 Working with other patients0.08 (−0.11 to0.05) 0.04 (0.002 to 0.07) 0.08 (0.04 to 0.11) 0.03 (−0.01 to 0.07)0.07 (−0.12 to0.02) 0.04 (−0.04 to 0.11)
 Not working with patientsRefRefRefRefRefRef
  • Bold indicates statistical significance (p<0.05). Analyses were corrected for sex, age, household composition, level of education, working hours and baseline score of the specific working condition.