Table 2

Characteristics and career length of graduates with or without occupational hand eczema (OHE)

Never had OHEFrequency of OHE*Adjusted OR (95% CI)
OnceSeveral timesAlmost all the time‘Almost all the time’ vs ‘once’
Proportion % (n/ntotal)59.3 (1544/2602)6.7 (175/2602)24.3 (633/2602)9.6 (250/2602)
Female % (n/ntotal)95.3 (1472/1544)96.0 (168/175)98.1 (621/633)98.0 (245/250)1.4 (0.4 to 5.2), p=0.60
Age % (n/ntotal)
31–408.7 (134/1544)16.0 (28/175)13.7 (87/633)12.4 (31/250)1.0 (reference)
41–5046.4 (717/1544)44.6 (78/175)50.6 (320/633)53.2 (133/250)1.4 (0.7 to 2.9), p=0.27
51–6043.6 (673/1544)37.7 (66/175)35.4 (224/633)34.4 (86/250)0.9 (0.5 to 1.9), p=0.85
>601.3 (20/1544)1.7 (3/175)0.3 (2/633)NANA
History of atopic dermatitis % (n/ntotal)2.8 (42/1506)5.2 (9/174)8.4 (53/629)20.0 (50/250) 4.4 (1.9 to 10.1), p<0.001
Patch test % (n/ntotal)
Never been patch tested78.0 (1202/1542)66.9 (117/175)58.9 (373/633)24.8 (62/250)1.0 (reference)
Patch test negative10.1 (156/1542)11.4 (20/175)10.6 (67/633)10.8 (27/250) 2.4 (1.2 to 4.7), p=0.01
Patch test positive11.9 (184/1542)21.7 (38/175)30.5 (193/633)64.4 (161/250) 3.8 (1.4 to 10.4), p=0.01
Allergy % (n/ntotal)
Hair dyes1.1 (17/1542)4.0 (7/174)6.3 (40/633)27.6 (69/250) 4.0 (1.5 to 10.5), p=0.005
Perfume2.3 (36/1542)5.2 (9/174)6.3 (40/633)13.2 (33/250)0.5 (0.2 to 1.4), p=0.19
Preservatives1.2 (19/1542)2.3 (4/175)4.3 (27/633)12.4 (31/250)1.7 (0.5 to 5.6), p=0.36
Nickel6.9 (106/1542)10.3 (18/175)16.7 (106/633)36.0 (90/250)1.7 (0.7 to 4.1), p=0.23
Other6.1 (94/1542)11.4 (20/175)13.1 (83/633)29.2 (73/250)1.0 (0.4 to 2.4), p=0.98
Median career length (years; (95% CI)14.0 (12.6 to 15.4)20.0 (14.6 to 25.4)12.0 (10.7 to 13.3)7.0 (5.6 to 8.4)Not included in model
Ex-hairdressers % (n/ntotal)54.1 (835/1544)46.3 (81/175)61.8 (391/633)74.0 (185/250)Not included in model
Left the trade (partly) because of hand eczema % (n/ntotal)NA15.4 (10/65)40.7 (142/349)86.5 (154/178)Not included in model
  • Bold font indicates p<0.05.

  • *Factors associated with having hand eczema ‘almost all the time’ were assessed by a logistic regression model (n=425) with the outcome of the frequency of hand eczema (almost all the time/once).

  • NA, not applicable.