Table 2

Average annual frequencies and crude rates of workplace injury deaths in New Zealand workers during three time periods with different legislation, 1985–2014

Total deathsAverage annual frequencyCrude rate per 100 000 workers per year
Pre
1985–1992
Post 1
1993–2002
Post 2
2003–2014
Pre
1985–1992
Post 1
1993–2002
Post 2
2003–2014
Est (95% CI)Est (95% CI)Est (95% CI)
Overall205376.569.262.45.25 (4.84 to 5.68)4.20 (3.90 to 4.53)3.18 (2.95 to 3.41)
Sex
Male196174.866.558.28.82 (8.13 to 9.56)7.44 (6.89 to 8.03)5.62 (5.21 to 6.06)
Female921.82.74.30.29 (0.16 to 0.48)0.36 (0.24 to 0.52)0.46 (0.34 to 0.60)
Age (years)
15–2428515.89.35.54.94 (4.11 to 5.88)3.23 (2.60 to 3.95)1.88 (1.45 to 2.39)
25–3439418.914.87.95.05 (4.27 to 5.92)3.84 (3.24 to 4.51)2.12 (1.72 to 2.60)
35–4447118.816.213.35.17 (4.37 to 6.06)3.86 (3.29 to 4.50)2.91 (2.48 to 3.40)
45–5441811.315.514.44.41 (3.55 to 5.43)4.50 (3.82 to 5.27)3.23 (2.77 to 3.75)
55–642957.47.813.25.88 (4.48 to 7.59)4.64 (3.67 to 5.79)4.38 (3.72 to 5.11)
65–841733.05.18.213.90 (9.48 to 20.68)12.74 (9.48 to 16.75)8.47 (6.88 to 10.32)
Not available171.50.50.0
High risk industry*
Mining492.61.90.849.83 (30.84 to 76.16)49.34 (29.71 to 77.06)15.58 (7.13 to 29.58)
Agriculture, forestry, fishing90333.931.026.822.22 (19.65 to 25.02)21.24 (18.94 to 23.74)19.75 (17.65 to 22.03)
Electricity, gas, water451.31.91.39.28 (4.45 to 17.06)23.77 (14.31 to 37.12)17.89 (10.23 to 29.06)
Construction26811.17.48.811.83 (9.50 to 14.55)7.57 (5.95 to 9.51)6.07 (4.96 to 7.35)
Transport, storage, communication2677.610.08.87.73 (5.91 to 9.93)11.39 (9.27 to 13.85)8.95 (7.33 to 10.82)
Combined high risk industry
Historically high risk (combined)153256.552.246.515.53 (14.13 to 17.03)15.20 (13.93 to 16.56)11.89 (10.93 to 12.92)
Not historically high risk49818.916.015.61.76 (1.49 to 2.07)1.32 (1.12 to 1.54)1.05 (0.91 to 1.22)
Unclassifiable, unavailable231.11.00.3
High risk occupation†
Pilots, flight crew1163.45.33.0252.2 (166.2 to 367.0)261.5 (195.9 to 342.0)68.11 (47.70 to 94.30)
Builder’s labourers520.91.52.565.32 (26.26 to 134.6)32.52 (18.20 to 53.64)30.97 (20.89 to 44.21)
Hunters, trappers140.50.80.2174.5 (47.6 to 446.8)275.2 (118.8 to 542.3)61.14 (7.40 to 220.9)
Tour/outdoor guides, park rangers160.40.40.834.02 (7.02 to 99.42)12.58 (3.43 to 32.21)16.59 (7.59 to 31.49)
Fishery workers1276.44.62.5205.7 (153.1 to 270.4)196.6 (143.9 to 262.2)130.1 (87.8 to 185.7)
Professional sportspeople90.30.30.357.57 (6.97 to 208.0)32.01 (6.60 to 93.55)16.84 (4.59 to 43.10)
Earthmoving plant operators573.31.61.369.33 (45.29 to 101.6)42.48 (24.28 to 68.99)21.35 (11.95 to 35.21)
Mining plant operators201.00.70.472.86 (31.46 to 143.6)65.87 (26.48 to 68.99)29.78 (9.67 to 69.50)
Forestry workers1556.45.24.387.83 (65.40 to 115.5)77.55 (57.92 to 101.7)94.72 (70.74 to 124.2)
Railway workers120.90.40.157.27 (23.03 to 118.0)118.6 (32.30 to 303.5)34.79 (0.88 to 193.9)
Farmers and workers‡44910.614.818.011.61 (9.28 to 14.36)15.76 (13.32 to 18.51)20.33 (17.71 to 23.23)
Electrical lines workers, cable jointers211.30.40.623.36 (11.20 to 42.95)17.50 (4.77 to 44.81)26.18 (10.53 to 53.95)
Heavy truck/tanker drivers891.92.64.09.71 (5.44 to 16.02)11.82 (7.72 to 17.32)16.22 (11.96 to 21.51)
Combined high-risk occupation
Historically high risk (combined)113737.038.637.926.70 (23.74 to 29.92)26.90 (24.29 to 29.73)25.51 (23.22 to 27.96)
Not historically high risk86935.529.524.22.73 (2.42 to 3.07)2.07 (1.84 to 2.32)1.41 (1.26 to 1.59)
Unclassifiable, unavailable474.01.10.3
  • *Industry groups with high risk in 1975–1984.

  • †Occupations with high risk in 1975–1984.

  • ‡Famers, farm workers, farm machinery operators.