Table 1

Characteristics of the study population and those who died from a cause related to COVID-19

PopulationCOVID-19 deaths
n (%)n (%)
SexMale6 964 839 (48.72)2970 (65.25)
Female7 331 061 (51.28)1582 (34.75)
AgeMean (SD)52.19 (6.96)57.05 (5.84)
EthnicityBangladeshi76 776 (0.54)77 (1.69)
Black African235 255 (1.65)191 (4.20)
Black Caribbean179 185 (1.25)132 (2.90)
Chinese82 158 (0.57)14 (0.31)
Indian411 615 (2.88)282 (6.20)
Mixed172 402 (1.21)51 (1.12)
Other363 548 (2.54)214 (4.70)
Pakistani210 678 (1.47)196 (4.31)
White British11 762 187 (82.28)3218 (70.69)
White other802 096 (5.61)177 (3.89)
OccupationAdministrative occupations1 252 049 (8.76)302 (6.63)
Bus and coach drivers71 019 (0.50)67 (1.47)
Business and public service associate professionals904 207 (6.32)159 (3.49)
Business, media and public service professionals717 153 (5.02)148 (3.25)
Care workers and home carers397 620 (2.78)188 (4.13)
Caring personal service occupations470 906 (3.29)75 (1.65)
Caring personal services218 019 (1.53)68 (1.49)
Cleaners and domestics339 484 (2.37)170 (3.73)
Corporate managers and directors871 555 (6.10)187 (4.11)
Culture, media and sports occupations259 159 (1.81)39 (0.86)
Customer service occupations198 344 (1.39)67 (1.47)
Elementary administration and service occupations46 135 (0.32)19 (0.42)
Elementary administration occupations133 518 (0.93)57 (1.25)
Elementary cleaning occupations80 885 (0.57)42 (0.92)
Elementary security occupations182 686 (1.28)120 (2.64)
Elementary storage occupations212 772 (1.49)120 (2.64)
Elementary trades and related occupations277 084 (1.94)141 (3.10)
Food preparation and hospitality trades246 335 (1.72)105 (2.31)
Health and social care associate professionals178 277 (1.25)51 (1.12)
Health professionals579 622 (4.05)145 (3.19)
Large goods vehicle drivers139 955 (0.98)69 (1.52)
Leisure, travel and related personal service occupations299 868 (2.10)89 (1.96)
Managers and directors in retail and wholesale254 033 (1.78)82 (1.80)
Other elementary services occupations279 992 (1.96)145 (3.19)
Other managers and proprietors549 931 (3.85)171 (3.76)
Plant and machine operatives144 901 (1.01)78 (1.71)
Process operatives167 785 (1.17)101 (2.22)
Process, plant and machine operatives225 487 (1.58)105 (2.31)
Protective service occupations187 510 (1.31)27 (0.59)
Sales occupations774 754 (5.42)284 (6.24)
Science, engineering and technology associate professionals214 286 (1.50)72 (1.58)
Science, research, engineering and technology professionals627 758 (4.39)103 (2.26)
Secretarial and related occupations457 792 (3.20)86 (1.89)
Skilled agricultural and related trades136 740 (0.96)32 (0.70)
Skilled construction and building trades542 774 (3.80)171 (3.76)
Skilled metal, electrical and electronic trades522 167 (3.65)214 (4.70)
Taxi and cab drivers and chauffeurs103 956 (0.73)124 (2.72)
Teaching and educational professionals626 682 (4.38)93 (2.04)
Textiles, printing and other skilled trades125 133 (0.88)52 (1.14)
Transport and mobile machine drivers and operatives132 163 (0.92)78 (1.71)