Table 3

Cancer risks based on 2008 EU estimates of typical case scenario exposures in various industries that commonly used antimony trioxide26

Industry20-year exposure40-year exposure
Sb2O3 production
 Conversion0.00260.0052
 Refining/refuming0.00120.0023
 Product handling0.00390.0077
Flame retardants in rubber
 Formulation0.00490.0098
 Processing0.00620.012
Flame retardants in plastics/textiles, handling/formulation0.0130.025
  • Cancer risks were calculated for 20 and 40 years of exposure. Online supplemental table S5 provides EU occupational exposure estimates used in risk calculations.

  • EU, European Union.