Table 4

Cancer risks based on 2008 EU estimates of worst-case scenario exposures in various industries that commonly used antimony trioxide26

Industry20-year exposure40-year exposure
Sb2O3 production
 Conversion0.0140.029
 Refining/refuming0.00450.0091
 Product handling0.0110.021
Flame retardants in rubber
 Formulation0.0210.042
 Processing0.0130.027
Flame retardants (plastics/textiles), handling/formulation0.0550.11
  • Cancer risks were calculated for 20 and 40 years of exposure Online supplemental table S5 provides EU occupational exposure estimates used in risk calculations.

  • EU, European Union.