Table 1

Univariate analysis of the post-traumatic growth of frontline nurses (n=167)

VariablesNumber, percentage (%)PTGI score
(‾X±SD)‡
Statistical values
(t/F)§
P value
Demographic variables
Age*3.017 0.003
 ≤30104 (62.3)64.31±17.16
 >3063 (37.7)72.38±16.07
Sex1.1490.252
 Male12 (7.2)72.83±23.95
 Female155 (92.8)66.93±16.56
Marital status2.064 0.041
 Not married71 (42.5)64.20±17.55
 Married96 (57.5)69.69±16.58
Children1.6680.097
 No93 (55.7)65.39±17.19
 Yes74 (44.3)69.82±16.92
Educational background3.895 0.002
 Junior college degree21 (12.5)55.52±19.07
 Bachelor’s degree and above146 (87.5)69.44±15.99
Religious belief1.0230.308
 No160 (95.8)60.86±13.55
 Yes7 (4.2)67.64±17.28
Work-related variables
Working years†3.965 0.009
 ≤363 (37.7)62.52±19.02
 4~517 (10.2)64.76±9.99
 6~1047 (28.1)69.51±15.76
 >1040 (24.0)73.53±16.11
Professional title3.856 0.011
 Junior107 (64.1)64.88±17.32
 Middle53 (31.7)73.23±16.09
 Senior7 (4.2)70.86±18.59
Previous rescue experience in a public health emergency2.640 0.009
 No
 Yes
151 (90.4)66.23±17.25
16 (9.6)77.94±12.40
Psychological intervention or training during COVID-192.760 0.006
 No123 (73.7)65.20±17.15
 Yes44 (26.3)73.36±15.88
Feeling of being well prepared for frontline work1.7870.076
 Not sure58 (34.7)64.12±17.22
 Yes109 (65.3)69.07±16.96
Confidence about frontline work3.999 0.000
 Not sure32 (19.2)56.91±18.30
 Yes135 (80.8)69.83±15.98
Awareness of the risk of frontline work3.844 0.000
 Low risk52 (31.1)60.06±18.08
 High risk115 (68.9)70.65±15.73
  • P values in bold are statistically significant.

  • *The median age of the participants was 30 years old.

  • †The median number of working years of the participants was 6 years; the 25% and 75% IQR were 3 and 10, respectively.

  • ‡‾X: mean score of PTGI.

  • §t: statistical value of Student’s t-test; F: statistical value of one-way analysis of variance.

  • PTGI, Post-traumatic Growth Inventory.;