Table 1

Demographic characteristics of the study population by resignation status in those who had worked at initiation of infertility treatment and felt that infertility treatment was incompatible with work

Variables categoriesNumber (%)Resignation rate (%)P value*
TotalNot resignedResigned
N1018839(78.0)179(16.7)16.7
Age (years)
 <35274(27.3)225(27.2)49(27.4)17.90.97
 35–39358(35.6)293(35.5)65(36.3)18.2
 ≥40373(37.1)308(37.3)65(36.3)17.4
Age at marriage (years)
 <35587(66.2)473(65.3)114(69.9)19.40.21
 35–39215(24.2)184(25.4)31(19.0)14.4
 ≥4085(9.6)67(9.3)18(11.0)21.2
Age at initiation of ART (years)
 <35216(31.7)168(30.2)48(38.1)22.20.23
 35–39266(39.0)221(39.7)45(35.7)16.9
 ≥40200(29.3)167(30.0)33(26.2)16.5
Educational background†
 Higher544(53.8)468(56.2)76(42.5)14.0<0.01
 Lower468(46.2)365(43.8)103(57.5)22.0
Duration of infertility (years)‡
 <2304(31.6)267(33.8)37(21.5)12.2<0.01
 ≥2659(68.4)524(66.2)135(78.5)20.5
ART experience
 No262(26.1)217(26.2)45(25.3)17.20.79
 Yes743(73.9)610(73.8)133(74.7)17.9
Company size at the initiation of infertility treatment (employees)
 <50219(32.6)162(32.7)57(32.4)26.00.67
 50–999231(34.4)166(33.5)65(36.9)28.1
 ≥1000221(32.9)167(33.7)54(30.7)24.4
Employment type at the initiation of infertility treatment
 Permanent worker§475(70.6)374(74.7)101(58.7)21.3<0.001
 Non-permanent worker§99(14.7)54(10.8)45(26.2)45.5
 Self-employed and others99(14.7)73(14.6)26(15.1)26.3
Harassment experience in workplace due to infertility treatment
 No889(90.7)743(92.1)146(84.4)16.4<0.01
 Yes91(9.3)64(7.9)27(15.6)29.7
Infertility treatment-relevant support from company¶
 Yes401(42.2)347(44.5)54(31.4)13.5<0.01
 No550(57.8)432(55.5)118(68.6)21.5
  • *Pearson’s χ2 test.

  • †Educational background: university and graduate school as ‘higher educational background’; and junior high school, high school and junior college/technical school/university dropout as ‘lower educational background’.

  • ‡The median duration of infertility.

  • §Permanent worker defined no fixed end date for their employment; non-permanent worker defined contract and part-time worker; self-employed and other worker.

  • ¶Infertility treatment-relevant support including, but not limited to, reduction in work-hours, hours-leave and flexible working style.

  • ART, assisted reproductive technology.