Table 1

Incident cases and age-standardised incidence rate of pneumoconiosis in 1990 and 2017, and its temporal trends from 1990 to 2017

Characteristics199020171990–2017
AAPC
n (95% CI)
Incident cases
n (95% UI)
ASIR per 100 000
n (95% UI)
Incident cases
n (95% UI)
ASIR per 100 000
n (95% UI)
Overall36 186 (32 504 to 40 004)0.86 (0.78 to 0.95)60 055 (53 088 to 67 017)0.75 (0.66 to 0.84)−0.6 (−0.6 to −0.5)
Sex
 Male32 359 (28 959 to 35 915)1.70 (1.52 to 1.88)53 730 (47 417 to 60 282)1.45 (1.28 to 1.62)−0.6 (−0.7 to −0.6)
 Female3827 (3332 to 4377)0.17 (0.15 to 0.19)6324 (5456 to 7240)0.15 (0.13 to 0.17)−0.7 (−0.8 to −0.6)
SDI
 High SDI7070 (6437 to 7730)0.55 (0.50 to 0.60)11 333 (10 285 to 12 460)0.52 (0.48 to 0.57)−0.2 (−0.3 to −0.2)
 High-middle SDI10 005 (8756 to 11 258)1.03 (0.91 to 1.16)15 973 (13 645 to 18 382)0.90 (0.77 to 1.03)−0.6 (−0.7 to −0.5)
 Middle SDI12 818 (11 367 to 14 412)1.28 (1.13 to 1.44)21 481 (18 865 to 24 497)0.98 (0.86 to 1.12)−1.0 (−1.1 to −1.0)
 Low-middle SDI3930 (3551 to 4329)0.67 (0.60 to 0.74)7087 (6298 to 7936)0.60 (0.53 to 0.67)−0.5 (−0.5 to −0.4)
 Low SDI2020 (1817 to 2242)0.62 (0.56 to 0.68)3619 (3186 to 4098)0.51 (0.45 to 0.57)−0.9 (−0.9 to −0.8)
Causes
 Silicosis14 973 (12 402 to 17 714)0.36 (0.30 to 0.42)23 695 (19 069 to 28 969)0.30 (0.24 to 0.36)−0.8 (−0.9 to −0.7)
 Asbestosis4337 (3492 to 5494)0.10 (0.08 to 0.13)9397 (7652 to 11 637)0.12 (0.10 to 0.15)0.6 (0.5 to 0.6)
 Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis9816 (7995 to 12 542)0.24 (0.19 to 0.30)15 080 (12 004 to 19 799)0.19 (0.15 to 0.25)−0.9 (−0.9 to −0.8)
 Other pneumoconiosis7061 (5956 to 8320)0.17 (0.14 to 0.20)11 883 (9900 to 14 278)0.15 (0.12 to 0.18)−0.5 (−0.5 to −0.5)
Region
 East Asia20 158 (17 620 to 22 838)2.12 (1.86 to 2.41)33 954 (29 050 to 39 105)1.66 (1.43 to 1.91)−0.9 (−1.0 to −0.9)
 Southeast Asia986 (850 to 1142)0.36 (0.31 to 0.42)2357 (2015 to 2744)0.39 (0.34 to 0.46)0.3 (0.2 to 0.4)
 Oceania41 (36 to 46)1.39 (1.24 to 1.57)95 (81 to 112)1.45 (1.24 to 1.69)0.2 (0.1 to 0.3)
 Central Asia167 (144 to 193)0.34 (0.29 to 0.39)229 (195 to 269)0.30 (0.26 to 0.35)−0.5 (−0.5 to −0.5)
 Central Europe1278 (1167 to 1404)0.85 (0.78 to 0.93)1150 (1015 to 1298)0.59 (0.52 to 0.66)−1.5 (−1.6 to −1.4)
 Eastern Europe1411 (1265 to 1581)0.50 (0.45 to 0.55)1213 (1046 to 1407)0.37 (0.32 to 0.43)−1.2 (−1.3 to −1.1)
 High-income Asia Pacific1519 (1352 to 1705)0.74 (0.66 to 0.82)2509 (2176 to 2868)0.54 (0.47 to 0.61)−1.3 (−1.4 to −1.2)
 Australasia79 (68 to 92)0.32 (0.28 to 0.37)248 (217 to 280)0.48 (0.42 to 0.54)1.4 (1.3 to 1.5)
 Western Europe1735 (1529 to 1931)0.28 (0.25 to 0.32)1398 (1218 to 1594)0.14 (0.13 to 0.16)−2.5 (−2.7 to −2.2)
 Southern Latin America199 (179 to 223)0.43 (0.39 to 0.48)349 (299 to 404)0.42 (0.36 to 0.49)−0.2 (−0.2 to −0.1)
 High-income North America1965 (1736 to 2221)0.55 (0.49 to 0.63)3724 (3294 to 4194)0.62 (0.55 to 0.69)0.5 (0.4 to 0.6)
 Caribbean37 (32 to 44)0.14 (0.12 to 0.16)67 (55 to 79)0.13 (0.11 to 0.16)−0.2 (−0.3 to −0.1)
 Andean Latin America78 (69 to 86)0.37 (0.34 to 0.41)169 (140 to 206)0.31 (0.26 to 0.38)−0.5 (−0.7 to −0.4)
 Central Latin America753 (667 to 842)0.79 (0.70 to 0.88)1502 (1295 to 1721)0.63 (0.54 to 0.72)−0.9 (−1.0 to −0.8)
 Tropical Latin America506 (449 to 567)0.53 (0.47 to 0.60)966 (856 to 1084)0.42 (0.37 to 0.47)−0.6 (−0.7 to −0.5)
 North Africa and Middle East709 (621 to 809)0.34 (0.30 to 0.38)1711 (1496 to 1972)0.36 (0.32 to 0.41)0.2 (0.2 to 0.3)
 South Asia3471 (3082 to 3891)0.60 (0.53 to 0.66)6307 (5427 to 7291)0.48 (0.41 to 0.54)−1.0 (−1.1 to −0.9)
 Central Sub-Saharan Africa153 (136 to 172)0.68 (0.62 to 0.75)329 (287 to 375)0.62 (0.55 to 0.70)−0.4 (−0.4 to −0.3)
 Eastern Sub-Saharan Africa468 (420 to 524)0.60 (0.54 to 0.66)888 (777 to 1013)0.51 (0.45 to 0.59)−0.7 (−0.7 to −0.6)
 Southern Sub-Saharan Africa307 (276 to 341)1.03 (0.92 to 1.14)514 (444 to 590)0.89 (0.77 to 1.02)−0.3 (−0.4 to −0.2)
 Western Sub-Saharan Africa166 (137 to 202)0.16 (0.13 to 0.19)376 (304 to 466)0.17 (0.14 to 0.21)0.2 (0.1 to 0.3)
  • AAPC, average annual percentage change of ASIR; ASIR, age-standardised incidence rate; SDI, sociodemographic index; UI, uncertainty interval.