Table 3

HRs for early work exit by educational level

NetherlandsDenmarkEnglandGermany
HRd (95%CI)HRd (95%CI)HRd (95%CI)HRd (95%CI)
Less than good SRH1.23 (0.97 to 1.55)†1.90 (1.68 to 2.14)**1.44 (1.28 to 1.63)**1.17 (0.98 to 1.41)†
Low education1.09 (0.81 to 1.46)1.93 (1.52 to 2.46)**1.66 (1.34 to 2.05)**1.12 (0.71 to 1.78)
Intermediate education1.56 (0.97 to 2.50)†1.91 (1.62 to 2.25)**1.47 (1.24 to 1.74)**1.06 (0.80 to 1.41)
High education1.34 (0.77 to 2.33)1.97 (1.53 to 2.53)**1.18 (0.93 to 1.50)1.32 (0.99 to 1.75)†
Functional limitations1.24 (0.95 to 1.65)1.67 (1.19 to 2.34)**2.58 (1.91 to 3.50)**1.43 (1.18 to 1.75)**
Low education1.50 (1.08 to 2.09)*0.76 (0.31 to 1.86)2.67 (1.65 to 4.34)**1.44 (0.90 to 2.30)
Intermediate education1.27 (0.72 to 2.25)2.42 (1.56 to 3.74)**3.00 (2.06 to 4.36)**1.38 (1.02 to 1.86)*
High education0.51 (0.19 to 1.40)1.74 (0.89 to 3.42)1.30 (0.46 to 3.66)1.49 (1.08 to 2.05)*
Depression1.77 (1.37 to 2.29)**2.10 (1.71 to 2.58)**1.54 (1.29 to 1.83)**1.54 (1.18 to 2.00)**
Low education1.41 (0.93 to 2.12)1.75 (1.14 to 2.68)*1.57 (1.19 to 2.07)**1.64 (0.94 to 2.87)†
Intermediate education1.72 (0.76 to 3.89)2.05 (1.49 to 2.81)**1.40 (1.09 to 1.80)**1.26 (0.84 to 1.88)
High education1.82 (1.00 to 3.31)*2.79 (1.93 to 4.05)**1.70 (1.17 to 2.47)**1.97 (1.31 to 2.96)**
  • †p≤ .10; * p ≤ .05; ** p ≤ .01. d HR adjusted for age at study entry, sex, year, partner status, number of working hours and region. HRs in bold indicate a significant interaction (p<.10) between health and education (ref.cat=low).

  • SRH, self-rated health.