Table 2

Deaths, YLLs, YLDs, DALYs and PAFs from COPD due to occupational exposure to PMGF and SHS, by region, 2016 (number, percent, rate, proportion)*

RegionDeathsDeathsYLLsYLDsDALYsDALYsDeathsYLLsYLDsDALYsYLLYLDPAFPAF
number%numbernumbernumber%rate†rate†rate†rate†%‡%‡(deaths)§(DALYs)¶
High-income North America16 6693.6287 084154 716441 8004.19.81739526765.035.09.411.9
Australasia10470.215 975492220 8970.27.71223916176.423.610.013.1
High-income Asia Pacific51501.161 98170 847132 8281.24.8617613646.753.312.015.5
Western Europe18 2584.0250 65673 485324 1413.07.81133514877.322.79.111.6
Southern Latin America28440.644 526496749 4930.510.81742019490.010.012.214.3
Eastern Europe63911.4119 56621 018140 5841.36.31192114085.015.012.713.6
Central Europe46221.078 18320 29998 4820.97.91363617279.420.612.213.9
Central Asia25840.651 612827759 8890.610.11902921986.213.816.416.8
Central Latin America70421.5107 85025 554133 4041.29.31393117180.819.213.615.1
Andean Latin America12410.317 903421722 1200.27.1992312280.919.115.316.1
Caribbean11910.320 636357624 2130.27.21262214785.214.813.214.2
Tropical Latin America99362.2179 69925 150204 8491.913.72393227187.712.315.117.3
East Asia171 30037.22 634 163592 6053 226 76830.231.54619956081.618.418.820.5
Southeast Asia28 0296.1508 878350 306859 1838.015.025216441559.240.818.318.7
Oceania8860.221 518318224 7000.235.976710787487.112.913.913.1
North Africa and Middle East98342.1193 77769 764263 5412.56.91254216773.526.512.412.8
South Asia157 11734.13 049 4101 176 0924 225 50239.534.862622785372.227.815.916.5
Southern sub-Saharan Africa21170.539 71915 45055 1690.511.21977226972.028.012.712.3
Western sub-Saharan Africa47751.0105 14939 099144 2481.37.91444919272.927.116.215.6
Eastern sub-Saharan Africa77161.7154 52446 238200 7611.912.32176027777.023.019.418.3
Central sub-Saharan Africa13330.327 051832835 3790.37.31303616676.523.59.89.5
High SDI 41 4559.0630 080319 949950 0298.97.71226518766.333.79.812.4
High-middle SDI 55 98512.2855 050280 4001 135 45010.612.61916325375.324.715.717.4
Middle SDI 185 78540.43 067 8141 016 2534 084 06638.224.037711048675.124.917.919.3
Low-middle SDI 156 33934.02 995 849971 8783 967 72737.129.552216969175.524.515.916.2
Low SDI 20 5174.5421 068129 612550 6815.216.22918337476.523.515.214.9
Global460 080100.07 969 8612 718 09210 687 953100.018.130910341274.625.415.716.8
  • *YLL=years of life lost; YLD=years of life lived with disability; DALYs=disability-adjusted life years; PAF=population attributable fraction; COPD=chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; PMGF=particulate matter, gases and fumes; SHS=secondhand smoke.

  • †Per 100 000 persons.

  • ‡Percentage of DALYs.

  • §Percentage of all COPD deaths due to occupational exposures.

  • ¶Percentage of all COPD DALYs due to occupational exposures.

  • SDI, socio-demographic index.