Table 3

Deaths, YLLs, YLDs, DALYs and PAFs from asthma due to occupational exposure to asthmagens, by region, 2016 (number, percent, rate, proportion)*

RegionDeathsDeathsYLLsYLDsDALYsDALYsDeathsYLLsYLDsDALYsYLLYLDPAFPAF
number%numbernumbernumber%rate†rate†rate†rate†%‡%‡(deaths)§(DALYs)¶
High-income North America3881.015 26971 60586 8733.70.310.650.260.717.682.48.810.7
Australasia230.185711 29112 1480.50.27.4100.1107.57.192.94.39.0
High-income Asia Pacific1350.4349334 43137 9231.60.24.246.350.59.290.82.68.0
Western Europe1820.5652594 309100 8344.30.13.655.859.46.593.52.88.4
Southern Latin America460.1155812 84914 4070.60.26.251.657.810.889.24.97.5
Eastern Europe2040.5675034 06040 8101.70.27.238.145.216.583.55.28.2
Central Europe590.2187716 77318 6500.80.13.634.738.310.189.93.48.2
Central Asia1660.4542313 95319 3760.80.617.542.960.428.072.08.09.4
Central Latin America1850.5631532 52938 8441.70.27.034.341.416.383.75.76.8
Andean Latin America310.1952897799290.40.24.842.046.79.690.47.46.8
Caribbean1400.45049844213 4910.60.829.649.378.937.462.67.56.5
Tropical Latin America1760.5629122 64728 9371.20.27.526.734.221.778.36.37.2
East Asia11643.135 597162 558198 1568.50.25.726.632.318.082.05.19.3
Southeast Asia731519.5224 974142 208367 18215.73.396.057.8153.861.338.79.511.0
Oceania2920.89862261912 4810.59.3297.671.8369.579.021.07.68.5
North Africa and Middle East13443.647 97184 044132 0155.60.725.341.366.636.363.76.06.7
South Asia21 08556.1669 102223 370892 47238.13.9117.537.9155.475.025.09.712.0
Southern sub-Saharan Africa4741.317 14613 27430 4201.32.069.449.5118.956.443.67.78.0
Western sub-Saharan Africa13953.750 24951 856102 1054.41.550.745.396.149.250.810.78.5
Eastern sub-Saharan Africa24526.585 58575 354160 9396.92.991.868.2160.053.246.813.210.7
Central sub-Saharan Africa3160.811 31510 17321 4870.91.241.133.174.152.747.35.14.1
High SDI 776 2.1 27 685213 996241 681 10.3 0.2 6.5 52.1 58.6 11.5 88.5 4.6 9.2
High-middle SDI 1320 3.5 44 449185 336229 785 9.8 0.3 9.1 38.1 47.2 19.3 80.7 6.2 9.1
Middle SDI 8807 23.4 277 589316 569594 158 25.4 1.0 30.5 34.5 65.0 46.7 53.3 8.1 9.3
Low-middle SDI 21 524 57.3 683 953297 559981 512 42.0 3.3 101.3 41.4 142.7 69.7 30.3 9.7 11.1
Low SDI 5147 13.7 178 483113 860292 343 12.5 2.9 94.3 52.3 146.5 61.1 38.9 9.9 8.9
Global37 574100.01 212 1601 127 3202 339 480100.01.444.040.584.551.848.28.99.9
  • *YLL=years of life lost; YLD=years of life lived with disability; DALYs=disability-adjusted life years; PAF=population attributable fraction.

  • †Per 100 000 persons.

  • ‡Percentage of DALYs.

  • §Percentage of all asthma deaths due to occupational exposures.

  • ¶Percentage of all asthma DALYs due to occupational exposures.

  • SDI, socio-demographic index.