Table 5

Change in global occupational-attributable deaths and DALYs from chronic respiratory disease due to occupational exposure to asthmagens, PMGF, SHS and pneumoconiotic dusts between 1990 and 2016, number and per capita (number and percent [95% uncertainty interval])*

Risk factorDeathsDALYs
1990†2016% change19902016% change
Asthmagens35 22837 5746.71 845 4942 339 48026.8
(24 103–48 462)(28 362–47 936) (−19.5 to 36.1)(1 406 629–2 327 424)(1 860 896–2 923 319)(0.8 to 58.4)
PMGF+SHS441 702460 0804.29 825 53910 687 9538.8
(367 000–521 000)(381 500–551 300) (−13.6 to 24.8)(8 149 400–11 533 600)(9 019 900–12 517 000)(−8.2 to 27.4)
Pneumoconiotic dusts21 20921 4881.3567 941576 9771.6
(16 000–31 400)(17 900–25 400) (−15.6 to 19.8)(442 576–832 555)(493 632–673 528)(−13.1 to 18.6)
Total498 139519 1424.212 238 97413 604 41011.2
(407 000–600 900)(427 800–624 600) (−14.9 to 25.4)(10 667 700–13 881 800)(11 912 000–15 502,800)(−2.7 to 26.7)
 Risk factorDeaths per 100 000 personsDALYs per 100 000 persons
1990†2016% change19902016% change
Asthmagens2.21.4−36.010885−21.4
(1.5– 3.0)(1.0– 1.8)(−51.7 to −18.1)(82136)(67106)(−37.5 to −1.7)
PMGF+SHS31.018.2−41.3653410−37.1
(26.8– 36.5)(15.0– 21.9)(−51.7 to −29.4)(545768)(346482)(−47.1 to −26.1)
Pneumoconiotic dusts1.430.84−41.33622−39.7
(1.08 2.10)(0.70 0.99)(−51.0 to −30.8)(2853)(1926)(−48.5 to −29.7)
Total34.620.4−40.9796517−35.1
(28.4– 41.6)(16.7 24.6)( 51.6 to 28.8)(655957)(431613)(−45.8 to −23.0)
Risk factorPopulation attributable fraction (deaths) (%)Population attributable fraction (DALYs) (%)
1990*2016% change19902016% change
Asthmagens7.4 (6.1– 8.8)8.9 (7.8– 10.1)20.6 (5.4– 36.0)7.7 (6.8– 8.8)9.9 (9.0– 10.9)27.6 (16.0– 40.3)
PMGF+SHS16.315.7−3.616.416.92.5
(13.7– 19.1)(13.8– 18.6)(−20.0 to 14.0)(14.0– 19.0)(14.3– 19.7)(−13.0 to 19.8)
  • *DALYs=disability-adjusted Life Years; PMGF=particulate matter, gases and fumes; SHS=secondhand smoke.

  • †The numbers in brackets in the whole table are 95% uncertainty intervals.