Table 1

Global occupational-attributable deaths, DALYs and PAFs from chronic respiratory disease due to airborne exposures by risk factor and sex, 2016 (number, percent and proportion [95% uncertainty interval])*

Risk factorTotalDeathsMales‡MalesDALYsTotalMalesPAFs†Total
FemalesFemalesFemales
Asthmagens26 10311 47137 5747.21 468 347871 1332 339 48017.213.07.19.9
(17 900–35 300)(8700–15 200)(28 400–47 900)(1 141 200–1 874 300)(666 100–1 109 600)(1 860 900–2 923 300)(12.0–14.0)(6.3–8.0)(9.0–11.0)
PMGF+SHS**343 122116 958460 08088.67 969 9862 717 96710 687 95378.621.011.017.0
(270 900–422 000)(87 100–153 300)(381 500–551 300)(6 518 000–9 469 200)(2 143 400–3 328 600)(9 019 900–12 517 000)(18.0–25.0)(9.0–13.0)(14.0–20.0)
Pneumoconiotic dusts18 997249121 4884.1518 91758 060576 9774.2100100100
(15 500–22 700)(2100–3200)(17 900–25 400)(439 900–611 300)(49 400–70 700)(493 600–673 500)
Total388 222130 920519 142 100.0 9 957 2693 647 17013 604 438 100.0 19.0 9.0 15.0
(313 900–466 600)(100 500–167 700)(441 000–608 900)(8 520 200–11 450 300)(3 010 800–4 335 200)(11 912 000–15 502 800)(16.0–22.0)(7.0–11.0)(13.0–17.0)
  • *DALYs=disability-adjusted life years; PAF=population attributable fraction.

  • †PAFs (%) based on DALYs.

  • ‡The numbers in brackets in the whole table are 95% uncertainty intervals.

  • §Percentage of chronic respiratory disease deaths due to occupational risk factors that were due to this risk factor.

  • ¶Percentage of chronic respiratory disease DALYs due to occupational risk factors that were due to this risk factor.

  • **Particulate matter, gases and fumes (PMGF) and secondhand smoke (SHS) causing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.