Table 3

Associations of physical and psychosocial work-related factors with disability retirement due to shoulder lesion among men and women by age group

30–39 years40–44 years45–49 years50–54 years55–59 years
HR95% CIHR95% CIHR95% ClHR95% ClHR95% Cl
Men
Physical work load factors
 Physically heavy work 1.62 1.36 to 1.94 1.66 1.39 to 1.99 1.87 1.54 to 2.16 1.97 1.71 to 2.27 1.32 1.14 to 1.53
 Heavy lifting1.090.95 to 1.271.060.91 to 1.201.070.93 to 1.23 0.86 0.75 to 0.98 0.970.85 to 1.10
 Working in a forward bent posture0.940.81 to 1.090.980.84 to 1.141.130.96 to 1.32 1.25 1.09 to 1.45 1.32 1.14 to 1.53
 Working with hands above shoulder level 1.57 1.37 to 1.80 1.56 1.36 to 1.79 1.50 1.31 to 1.71 1.36 1.20 to 1.54 1.45 1.28 to 1.65
 Work demanding high handgrip forces 1.37 1.17 to 1.62 1.27 1.07 to 1.59 1.000.85 to 1.18 0.79 0.68 to 0.92 0.71 0.61 to 0.83
Psychosocial work-related factors
 High job demands 1.30 1.17 to 1.44 1.29 1.16 to 1.43 1.30 1.17 to 1.44 1.17 1.07 to 1.28 1.22 1.11 to 1.34
 Low job control 1.33 1.17 to 1.52 1.27 1.12 to 1.44 1.29 1.14 to 1.47 1.14 1.03 to 1.28 1.15 1.03 to 1.29
 Monotonous work0.910.81 to 1.030.950.84 to 1.070.980.87 to 1.101.070.97 to 1.191.060.96 to 1.18
Women
Physical work load factors
 Physically heavy work 2.53 2.16 to 2.97 2.40 2.05 to 2.82 2.29 1.97 to 2.66 1.81 1.57 to 2.08 1.77 1.54 to 2.05
 Heavy lifting 0.51 0.42 to 0.62 0.58 0.48 to 0.70 0.73 0.62 to 0.87 1.18 1.03 to 1.35 1.070.93 to 1.24
 Working in a forward bent posture 1.32 1.14 to 1.55 1.28 1.10 to 1.50 1.16 1.01 to 1.35 1.030.90 to 1.181.060.93 to 1.22
 Working with hands above shoulder level 1.22 1.00 to 1.49 1.210.99 to 1.471.191.00 to 1.43 1.38 1.19 to 1.59 1.36 1.17 to 1.57
 Work demanding high handgrip forces 0.59 0.48 to 0.72 0.71 0.58 to 0.86 0.920.78 to 1.10 1.53 1.34 to 1.75 1.53 1.33 to 1.75
Psychosocial work-related factors
 High job demands0.990.88 to 1.120.990.87 to 1.131.050.93 to 1.18 1.17 1.05 to 1.30 1.16 1.04 to 1.29
 Low job control1.050.91 to 1.221.030.89 to 1.201.030.90 to 1.191.110.99 to 1.25 1.17 1.04 to 1.33
 Monotonous work 1.60 1.39 to 1.84 1.66 1.44 to 1.81 1.57 1.37 to 1.78 1.46 1.30 to 1.64 1.39 1.23 to 1.57
  • HRs and their 95% CIs. HRs are adjusted for education and each work-related factor within the group (either physical or psychosocial). The reference category for each work-related factor consists of the non-exposed.

  • Bold values are statistically significant.