Table 2

Overall SMRs using England and Wales reference rates during 1967–2015

Cause of deathnSMR95% CI
Including missing cause of death34 181 1.11 1.10 to 1.12
Excluding missing cause of death32 242 1.08 1.07 to 1.10
All neoplasms9227 1.13 1.11 to 1.16
All causes excluding neoplasms23 025 1.06 1.05 to 1.08
All malignant neoplasms (MNs)9101 1.14 1.12 to 1.16
 MN buccal cavity and pharynx890.930.75 to 1.14
 MN nasopharynx60.800.36 to 1.78
 MN larynx 62 0.94 0.74 to 1.21
 MN oesophagus 333 1.05 0.95 to 1.17
 MN stomach 768 1.26 1.18 to 1.36
 MN colon5691.081.00 to 1.17
 MN rectum and rectosigmoid junction4071.221.10 to 1.34
 MN liver1220.950.80 to 1.14
 MN pancreas3281.010.91 to 1.12
 MN nose70.720.34 to 1.51
 MN trachea, bronchus and lung3380 1.25 1.21 to 1.29
 MN prostate 885 1.01 0.94 to 1.07
 MN bladder 417 1.16 1.05 to 1.28
 MN kidney and other urinary organs1671.090.94 to 1.27
 MN brain1060.880.73 to 1.07
 MN lymphatic and haematopoietic tissue:4620.940.86 to 1.03
Hodgkin’s disease190.840.54 to 1.32
Multiple myeloma 105 1.00 0.82 to 1.21
Leukaemia 195 1.04 0.90 to 1.19
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma 143 0.87 0.74 to 1.02
 Endocrine nutritional and metabolic diseases3080.900.80 to 1.01
 Diabetes mellitus2630.900.80 to 1.01
Diseases of circulatory system14 627 1.07 1.05 to 1.09
 Ischaemic heart disease93491.081.06 to 1.10
 Cerebrovascular disease27951.041.00 to 1.08
Diseases of respiratory system4730 1.14 1.10 to 1.17
 Bronchitis8421.091.02 to 1.17
 Emphysema1631.191.02 to 1.38
 Asthma631.150.90 to 1.47
Diseases of the digestive system8281.000.93 to 1.07
Diseases of oral cavity, salivary grands and jaws3--
Diseases of oesophagus, stomach and duodenum2581.010.89 to 1.14
 Peptic ulcer2201.020.89 to 1.16
Disease of the liver1060.790.65 to 0.95
 Cirrhosis of liver830.760.61 to 0.94
Diseases of genitourinary system4351.030.93 to 1.13
 Nephritis and nephrosis2071.010.88 to 1.16
Accidents4401.000.92 to 1.10
Suicides820.630.50 to 0.78
  • A priori important diseases in bold.

  • See online supplementary table 1 for International Classification of Diseases codes used.