Table 2

OSH hazards reported by home care aides in the safe home care survey

All aides, n=3484Agency-hired aides, n=2564Client-hired aides, n=920
nPer cent95% CInPer cent95% CInPer cent95% CIp Value*
Home environment
 No access to equipment to move client132538(36.4 to 39.6)101139.4(37.5 to 41.3)31434.1(31.1 to 37.2)0.004
 Cluttered or unclean conditions59317(15.8 to 18.3)46718.2(16.7 to 19.7)12613.7(11.5 to 15.9)0.002
 Slippery floors1975.6(4.9 to 6.4)1505.9(4.9 to 6.8)475.1(3.7 to 6.5)0.404
 Uncontrolled pets1273.6(3.0 to 4.3)893.5(2.8 to 4.2)384.1(2.8 to 5.4)0.360
 Bedbugs862.5(2.0 to 3.0)512(1.4 to 2.5)353.8(2.6 to 5.0)0.002
 Client smokes indoors3469.9(8.9 to 10.9)2389.3(8.2 to 10.4)10811.7(9.7 to 13.8)0.033
 Client on oxygen3149(8.1 to 10.0)2188.5(7.4 to 9.6)9610.4(8.5 to 12.4)0.079
Infectious agents, cleaning and disinfecting chemical use
 Used sharps lying around home†1103.2(2.6 to 3.7)662.6(2.0 to 3.2)444.8(3.4 to 6.2)0.001
 Helped someone use a sharp†1494.3(3.6 to 5.0)401.6(1.1 to 2.0)10911.8(9.8 to 13.9)<0.001
 Contact with faeces56316.2(14.9 to 17.4)33913.2(11.9 to 14.5)22424.3(21.6 to 27.1)<0.001
 Contact with blood1765(4.3 to 5.8)1114.3(3.5 to 5.1)657.1(5.4 to 8.7)0.001
 Client had an infectious disease1193.4(2.8 to 4.0)853.3(2.7 to 4.1)343.7(2.5 to 4.9)0.586
 Contact with pet waste35710.2(9.2 to 11.2)1786.9(6.0 to 8.0)17919.5(16.9 to 22.0)<0.001
 Cleaned bathroom/kitchen279780.3(79.0 to 81.6)205780.2(78.7 to 81.8)74080.4(77.9 to 83.0)0.892
 Cleaned with bleach82823.8(22.4 to 25.2)51820.2(18.6 to 21.8)31033.7(30.6 to 36.8)<0.001
 Cleaned with ammonia2667.6(6.8 to 8.5)1455.7(4.8 to 6.6)12113.2(11.0 to 15.3)<0.001
 Cleaned with other strong chemicals53015.2(14.0 to 16.4)36214.1(12.8 to 15.5)16818.3(15.8 to 20.8)0.003
 Any bleach/ammonia/chemical use104630(28.5 to 31.5)69227(25.3 to 28.7)35438.5(35.3 to 41.6)<0.001
  • Per cent of home care visits (n=3484) in which an OSH hazard occurred.

  • *Test of H0: no difference in the percentage of OSH hazard reported by agency-hired versus client-hired aides.

  • †A ‘sharp’ is a sharp medical device capable of penetrating the skin and contacting blood, such as a syringe with a needle or a lancet.

  • OSH, Occupational Safety and Health.