Table 2

Health outcomes of the study population by country and exposure to dampness/moisture damage at school

Spain The NetherlandsFinland
Damaged (n=1425)Non-damaged (n=1333)Damaged (n=1146)Non-damaged (n=1305)Damaged (n=1903)Non-damaged (n=2159)
Ever asthma94 (7%)67 (5%)134 (12%)133 (10%)189 (10%)204 (10%)
Ever hay fever126 (9%)127 (10%)NANA539 (29%)594 (28%)
Symptoms in the last 12 months
 Wheezing143 (10%)145 (11%)110 (10%)125 (10%)281 (15%)239 (11%)*
 Asthma attack34 (2%)28 (2%)44 (4%)39 (3%)67 (4%)77 (4%)
 Nasal symptoms330 (24%)313 (24%)267 (24%)304 (24%)707 (39%)649 (31%)*
 Congestion/phlegm99 (7%)90 (7%)103 (9%)119 (9%)222 (12%)202 (9%)*
 Dry cough at night296 (22%)250 (20%)226 (20%)252 (20%)317 (17%)277 (13%)*
 Any infection†744 (62%)715 (63%)656 (61%)731 (60%)783 (44%)852 (42%)
 Respiratory medication165 (12%)165 (13%)109 (10%)124 (10%)226 (12%)222 (10%)
 Missed school days caused by respiratory problems122 (9%)127 (10%)58 (5%)55 (4%)103 (5%)80 (4%)*
  • Number (%) are given, unless otherwise specified.

  • †Based on 91% of study population with available data.

  • *p<0.05 for difference between pupils from damaged and non-damaged schools (χ2 test).

  • NA, not available.