Table 3

Ambulatory blood pressure means according to contemporaneous job strain and ERI exposure (GEE, standard model)

NSystolic ABP (mm Hg)Diastolic ABP (mm Hg)
Crude meanAdjusted mean†Adjusted mean‡Adjusted mean§Crude meanAdjusted mean†Adjusted mean‡Adjusted mean§
Men
Job strain
 Unexposed660127.6127.6127.8128.180.980.981.081.3
 Passive905+1.54*+1.40*+1.33*+1.23*+1.20*+1.25*+1.20*+1.10*
 Active801+3.10*+2.98*+2.50*+1.92*+2.22*+2.14+1.90+1.31*
 Exposed482+1.50*+1.59*+1.55*+0.84+1.34*+1.45*+1.44*+0.70
ERI
 T1940128.0128.0128.2128.481.081.281.381.4
 T2966+1.38*+1.19*+0.98*+0.79+1.32*+0.91*+0.81*+0.66
 T3952+2.39*+2.24*+1.85*+1.37*+2.22*+1.90*+1.71*+1.36*
Women
Job strain
 Unexposed605121.6121.7121.6122.077.577.577.477.7
 Passive1839−0.87−0.97−0.91−1.02*−0.72−0.60−0.49−0.57
 Active911+0.86+0.71+0.68+0.09+0.65+0.56+0.48−0.04
 Exposed945+0.51+0.41+0.30−0.44+0.76+0.81+0.84+0.18
ERI
 T11477120.5120.7120.8120.876.776.876.977.0
 T21400+0.74+0.66+0.54+0.54+0.50+0.43+0.34+0.28
 T31422+2.34*+1.89*+1.59*+1.57*+1.86*+1.61*+1.46*+1.29*
  • *Stand for p value <0.05.

  • †Adjusted for age, education and family history of CVD and medication for hypertension.

  • ‡Additionally adjusted for smoking, BMI, sedentary behaviour and alcohol intake.

  • §Additionally adjusted for the other model.

  • ABP, ambulatory blood pressure; BMI, body mass index; CVD, cardiovascular disease; ERI, effort-reward imbalance; GEE, generalised estimating equations; T1, first tertile; T2, second tertile; T3, third tertile.