Table 2

Sample description and mean disability scores and SD according to covariates (n=4864)

VariablesPrevalence (%) (unweighted)nW2* mean impairment (SD)W2* mean A&P (SD)
Sex
 Male54.626551.72 (1.69)0.09 (0.51)
 Female45.422092.01 (1.64)0.06 (0.33)
 p Value<0.0010.052
Age group
 50–55 years43.621231.68 (1.52)0.08 (0.49)
 55–59 years37.017981.95 (1.76)0.07 (0.44)
 60–65 years19.49432.05 (1.84)0.07 (0.29)
 p Value<0.0010.571
Education
 High31.015091.38 (1.38)0.05 (0.24)
 Medium36.417711.72 (1.50)0.10 (0.53)
 Low32.615842.45 (1.95)0.08 (0.46)
 p Value<0.0010.004
Income
 High54.126311.62 (1.51)0.07 (0.45)
 Medium30.514821.95 (1.74)0.08 (0.38)
 Low15.47512.35 (1.90)0.11 (0.54)
 p Value<0.0010.104
Low control
 Yes22.610992.32 (1.96)0.11 (0.53)
 No77.437651.73 (1.58)0.07 (0.42)
 p Value<0.0010.017
Effort reward imbalance
 Yes31.315252.21 (1.82)0.12 (0.60)
 No68.733391.68 (1.58)0.06 (0.35)
 p Value<0.001<0.001
Overall100.048641.84 (1.68)0.08 (0.44)
  • Note. Means are based on weighted data.

  • p Values are based on analysis of variance.

  • Source: Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (release 2.5.0).

  • *Wave 2 (W 2).