Table 3

Relative risks (HRs) for lung cancer in relation to duration of exposure to textile industry agents

Agent/years exposedCasesNon-casesHR*(95% CI)
Wool dust
 053027361.0
 1–412560.9(0.5 to 1.7)
 5–9101111.6(0.7 to 3.2)
 10–1925381.1(0.7 to 1.8)
 ≥20512441.0(0.7 to 1.4)
Silk
 059530221.0
 1–99371.3(0.6 to 2.8)
 ≥10241261.0(0.7 to 1.6)
Synthetic fibre dust
 036019221.0
 1–4231280.9(0.6 to 1.5)
 5–9261101.5(0.9 to 2.3)
 10–19713611.1(0.8 to 1.5)
 ≥201486641.2(0.9 to 1.4)
Solvents
 054327271.0
 1–416831.2(0.7 to 2.0)
 5–917861.2(0.7 to 2.2)
 10–19231390.9(0.6 to 1.4)
 ≥20291501.2(0.8 to 1.9)
Acids, bases, caustics
 057829221.0
 1–412431.9(0.9 to 3.7)
 5–99471.3(0.6 to 2.7)
 10–1917861.1(0.7 to 1.9)
 ≥2012870.8(0.4 to 1.5)
Dyes
 061430891.0
 1–94301.0(0.3 to 3.0)
 ≥1010660.9(0.4 to 1.7)
Resins, monomers, coatings
 061930971.0
 1–95311.0(0.4 to 2.6)
 ≥104570.4(0.1 to 1.1)
Metals
 058529581.0
 1–48460.9(0.4 to 2.0)
 5–99411.5(0.7 to 3.1)
 10–1912581.0(0.5 to 1.9)
 ≥2014821.1(0.6 to 2.0)
Lubricants
 020412101.0
 1–4331741.0(0.7 to 1.5)
 5–9451571.8(1.2 to 2.7)
 10–191054951.2(0.9 to 1.6)
 ≥2024111491.0(0.8 to 1.3)
Silica dust
 062331771.0
 1–9124.5(0.3 to 59)
 ≥10463.5(1.0 to 13)
Formaldehyde
 062631741.0
 1–9060
 ≥10252.1(0.4 to 11)
  • * HR adjusted for age, smoking.