Table 2

Socio-economic position as a predictor of new-onset psychiatric work disability

Socio-economic positionNo of events (%)International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, diagnosis of psychiatric work disability
All mental disorders (F00–F99)
3938 (2.8)HR (95% CI)*HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
Higher non-manual1010 (2.4)1.001.001.00
Lower non-manual1905 (2.8)1.27 (1.17 to 1.37)1.27 (1.17 to 1.37)1.26 (1.16 to 1.36)
Manual1023 (3.2)1.38 (1.26 to 1.50)1.38 (1.27 to 1.51)1.37 (1.26 to 1.50)
2679 (1.9)Depressive disorders (F32–F34)
Higher non-manual715 (1.7)1.001.001.00
Lower non-manual1315 (1.9)1.23 (1.12 to 1.35)1.24 (1.13 to 1.36)1.22 (1.12 to 1.35)
Manual649 (2.0)1.23 (1.11 to 1.37)1.24 (1.11 to 1.38)1.23 (1.10 to 1.37)
150 (0.1)Mania and bipolar affective disorder (F30–F31)
Higher non-manual43 (0.1)1.001.001.00
Lower non-manual75 (0.1)1.28 (0.87 to 1.87)1.28 (0.87 to 1.88)1.29 (0.88 to 1.89)
Manual32 (0.1)1.01 (0.64 to 1.61)1.02 (0.64 to 1.61)1.03 (0.65 to 1.63)
314 (0.2)Anxiety disorders (F40–F42)
Higher non-manual80 (0.2)1.001.001.00
Lower non-manual154 (0.2)1.20 (0.91 to 1.58)1.20 (0.91 to 1.59)1.19 (0.90 to 1.57)
Manual80 (0.2)1.42 (1.04 to 1.95)1.44 (1.05 to 1.97)1.41 (1.04 to 1.93)
275 (0.2)Reaction to severe stress and adjustment disorders (F43)
Higher non-manual83 (0.2)1.001.001.00
Lower non-manual145 (0.2)0.99 (0.75 to 1.31)1.00 (0.75 to 1.31)0.98 (0.74 to 1.29)
Manual47 (0.1)0.79 (0.55 to 1.13)0.79 (0.55 to 1.13)0.78 (0.54 to 1.12)
54 (0.04)Disorders of adult personality and behaviour (F60–F69)
Higher non-manual12 (0.03)1.001.001.00
Lower non-manual23 (0.03)1.34 (0.66 to 2.73)1.33 (0.65 to 2.71)1.31 (0.64 to 2.67)
Manual19 (0.06)2.11 (1.02 to 4.38)2.11 (1.02 to 4.36)2.09 (1.01 to 4.32)
283 (0.2)Schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders (F20–F29)
Higher non-manual40 (0.1)1.001.001.00
Lower non-manual130 (0.2)2.16 (1.51 to 3.10)2.13 (1.49 to 3.05)2.14 (1.50 to 3.06)
Manual113 (0.3)3.82 (2.66 to 5.50)3.76 (2.61 to 5.41)3.77 (2.62 to 5.42)
62 (0.04)Mental and behavioural disorders owing to psychoactive substance use (F10–F19)
Higher non-manual14 (0.03)1.001.001.00
Lower non-manual15 (0.02)1.37 (0.65 to 2.87)1.34 (0.64 to 2.81)1.29 (0.61 to 2.70)
Manual33 (0.1)2.51 (1.34 to 4.71)2.55 (1.36 to 4.80)2.50 (1.33 to 4.70)
  • * Adjusted for age, sex, geographic area and employer.

  • Adjusted for psychiatric treatment history.

  • Adjusted for chronic physical disease.