Table 1

Psychiatric morbidity (GHQ) at phases 1 (1985–1988) and 2 (1989–1990), and subsequent long spells of sickness absence (1991–1998) in men and women

Men (n=3638)Women (n=1466)
n (%)n (%)
GHQ score at phase 1
 0–22350 (64.6)867 (59.1)
 3–4371 (10.2)152 (10.4)
 5+917 (25.2)447 (30.5)
GHQ score at phase 2
 0–22222 (61.1)817 (55.7)
 3–4398 (10.9)148 (10.1)
 5+1018 (28.0)501 (34.2)
GHQ caseness at phases 1 and 2
 Neither2190 (60.2)778 (53.1)
 Phase 1 only430 (11.8)187 (12.8)
 Phase 2 only531 (14.6)241 (16.4)
 Phase 1 and phase 2487 (13.4)260 (17.7)
Number of spells (rate per 100 person-years)Number of spells (rate per 100 person-years)
Psychiatric long spells, 1991–1998279 (1.4)201 (2.7)
Non-psychiatric long spells, 1991–19981630 (8.3)1343 (18.3)
Spells with missing diagnosis, 1991–1998336 (1.7)257 (3.5)
All long spells, 1991–19982245 (11.5)1801 (24.6)
  • GHQ, General Health Questionnaire.