Table 6

Risk of bladder cancer by exposure to metalworking fluids (MWF) among men, New England, 2001–2004*

Cases (n)Controls (n)OR (95% CI)
Unexposed to MWF and mineral oil2643651.0 (ref)
Exposed to MWF68531.7 (1.1 to 2.5)
Possibly exposed to MWF1862191.1 (0.9 to 1.5)
Unexposed to MWF, possibly exposed to mineral oil3763921.3 (1.1 to 1.7)
  • * Adjusted for age (<55, 55–64, 65–74, 75+ years), race (white only, Native American/white, other races), Hispanic status (yes/no), state (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont), smoking status (never, occasional (<100 cigarettes over lifetime), former, current) and employment in high-risk occupations other than those involving MWF or mineral oil exposure (ever/never).

  • Table excludes one case and two controls whose exposure status could not be determined.

  • MWF, Metalworking fluids.