Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression analysis of reported asthma*
JEM-based exposuresUnadjusted analysisAdjusted analysis†
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Cleaning related
    Patient care cleaning and disinfection1.76 (0.41 to 7.62)2.73 (0.34 to 21.81)
    Instrument cleaning and disinfection2.57 (1.73 to 3.83)1.67 (1.06 to 2.62)
    Building surfaces cleaning and2.50 (1.61 to 3.89)1.72 (1.00 to 2.94)
    disinfection
Latex use
    Use of powdered latex gloves2.59 (1.66 to 4.04)1.68 (1.02 to 2.76)
    before 1992
    Use of powdered latex gloves2.45 (1.64 to 3.67)1.59 (1.01 to 2.50)
    1992–2000
    Use of powdered latex gloves1.21 (0.35 to 4.16)0.80 (0.22 to 2.84)
    after 2000
Exposure to aerosolised medication2.48 (1.67 to 3.68)1.50 (0.95 to 2.37)
Adhesives/solvents
    Patient care2.21 (1.43 to 3.41)1.36 (0.82 to 2.26)
    On surfaces1.73 (0.95 to 2.17)1.23 (0.62 to 2.44)
  • *Reported asthma is defined as “physician-diagnosed asthma after entry into the health profession”.

  • †Adjusted for potential confounding effects of age, sex, ethnicity, atopy, smoking, body mass index and seniority.

  • JEM, job-exposure matrix.