Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of cardiovascular mortality cases and non-cases according to various baseline characteristics (among subjects for whom geographical coordinates of the home address were available (n = 117 528))
CharacteristicCases (n = 6137)Non-cases in full cohort (n = 111 391)
Gender (men)4243 (69.1%)52 558 (47.2%)
Age (years)64 (61–67)62 (58–65)
Cigarette smoking status
    Never1620 (28.6%)43 281 (41.3%)
    Ex1859 (32.8%)33 103 (31.6%)
    Current2182 (38.5%)28 350 (27.1%)
Cigar smoking status
    Never4822 (82.4%)93 776 (87.8%)
    Ex552 (9.4%)7271 (6.8%)
    Current475 (8.1%)5807 (5.4%)
Pipe smoking status
    Never5381 (91.3%)100 197 (93.4%)
    Ex318 (5.4%)4747 (4.4%)
    Current194 (3.3%)2305 (2.2%)
Percentage of persons with low income in neighbourhood41 (36–47)41 (36–46)
Percentage of persons with high income in neighbourhood18 (12–24)19 (13–25)
Percentage of persons with low income in a COROP area*41 (36–45)41 (36–45)
Percentage of persons with high income in a COROP area*19 (18–23)19 (18–23)
  • *COROP areas consist of a central point (eg, a city) and the surrounding economic and social region. The Netherlands is divided in 40 COROP areas.

  • Values are number (percentage) or median (interquartile range).