Table 3 Relative risk of asbestosis, cerebrovascular disease and lung cancer mortality, adjusted for age and sex
Risk factorAsbestosisCerebrovascular diseaseLung cancer
DeathsRelative risk(95% CI)DeathsRelative risk(95% CI)DeathsRelative risk(95% CI)
Period
    <198071.00421.001231.00
    1980–89320.87 (0.38 to 1.99)2180.90 (0.71 to 1.38)5090.89 (0.73 to 1.08)
    1990–99420.52 (0.23 to 1.18)4600.95 (0.69 to 1.31)6920.59 (0.49 to 0.72)
    >2000380.52 (0.23 to 1.19)3290.75 (0.54 to 1.04)5580.54 (0.44 to 0.66)
Cohort
    <1920331.003811.004731.00
    1920–29500.82 (0.53 to 1.28)3810.56 (0.48 to 0.65)6770.74 (0.66 to 0.84)
    1930–39280.59 (0.34 to 1.03)1830.39 (0.32 to 0.47)4470.57 (0.49 to 0.65)
    1940–4970.23 (0.09 to 0.59)640.25 (0.18 to 0.34)2270.39 (0.32 to 0.47)
    1950–5910.06 (0.01 to 0.50)300.25 (0.16 to 0.39)530.14 (0.10 to 0.20)
    1960–69090.24 (0.12 to 0.51)50.03 (0.01 to 0.08)
    1970–79010.28 (0.04 to 2.04)0
Year first exposed
    <193032.65 (0.76 to 9.31)151.00121.00
    1930–39131.00780.48 (0.28 to 0.83)1140.83 (0.46 to 1.50)
    1940–49260.89 (0.46 to 1.74)1270.36 (0.21 to 0.62)2470.80 (0.45 to 1.43)
    1950–59460.94 (0.50 to 1.74)1560.29 (0.17 to 0.49)3790.73 (0.41 to 1.30)
    1960–69180.24 (0.12 to 0.50)2750.35 (0.21 to 0.59)4290.55 (0.31 to 0.98)
    1970–79110.11 (0.05 to 0.26)3170.33 (0.20 to 0.56)5260.52 (0.29 to 0.92)
    1980–8920.05 (0.01 to 0.24)720.23 (0.13 to 0.42)1560.38 (0.21 to 0.70)
    >1990090.13 (0.06 to 0.30)190.17 (0.08 to 0.36)
Age first exposed (years)
    <20391.001241.003281.00
    20–29330.53 (0.33 to 0.84)1890.96 (0.76 to 1.20)3560.66 (0.57 to 0.77)
    30–39230.33 (0.20 to 0.55)2401.10 (0.89 to 1.37)4500.82 (0.71 to 0.95)
    40–49170.22 (0.12 to 0.39)2891.21 (0.98 to 1.50)4510.82 (0.71 to 0.95)
    >5070.12 (0.05 to 0.26)2071.19 (0.95 to 1.50)2970.78 (0.66 to 0.92)
Length of exposure (years)
    <1021.00881.001931.00
    10–19154.20 (0.95 to 18.6)2341.12 (0.87 to 1.43)4131.13 (0.95 to 1.34)
    20–29215.17 (1.18 to 22.6)2680.95 (0.74 to 1.22)4711.09 (0.91 to 1.30)
    30–39268.99 (2.06 to 39.2)1960.92 (0.71 to 1.20)3971.27 (1.06 to 1.53)
    >405519.7 (4.51 to 85.6)2631.10 (0.84 to 1.42)4081.30 (1.07 to 1.57)
Latency (years since first exposure)
    <20131.002481.005121.00
    20–29171.57 (0.75 to 3.30)2801.01 (0.85 to 1.20)4570.98 (0.86 to 1.11)
    30–39263.12 (1.54 to 6.31)2200.95 (0.78 to 1.14)4131.11 (0.97 to 1.28)
    40–49295.34 (2.59 to 11.0)1550.94 (0.76 to 1.16)3101.24 (1.06 to 1.44)
    50–592710.4 (4.80 to 22.3)991.07 (0.83 to 1.37)1561.24 (1.02 to 1.50)
    >60712.0 (4.34 to 33.0)472.10 (1.51 to 2.90)341.18 (0.82 to 1.68)
Smoking status
    Never71.001361.00361.00
    Former473.58 (1.61 to 7.96)2541.03 (0.84 to 1.27)3114.93 (3.49 to 6.98)
    Current643.25 (1.49 to 7.10)6301.70 (1.41 to 2.04)147414.9 (10.7 to 20.7)
Main job
    Manufacturing391.006411.009301.00
    Removal211.46 (0.84 to 2.51)1350.59 (0.50 to 0.72)3550.87 (0.76 to 0.98)
    “Other”171.23 (0.70 to 2.18)1840.82 (0.70 to 0.97)2960.89 (0.78 to 1.02)
    Insulation426.88 (4.45 to 10.7)860.88 (0.70 to 1.10)2861.91 (1.68 to 2.18)
Short/longer-term worker (reference category short-term)
    Short-term581.005051.008921.00
    Long-term610.88 (0.61 to 1.26)5440.90 (0.79 to 1.01)9900.94 (0.86 to 1.03)