Table 5

Overview of publications (all case-control studies) that have reported risk estimates for the association between exposure to known and suspected lung carcinogens (A-list and B-list) and lung cancer

Study descriptionStudy populationOdds ratio (95% CI)Comments
Gender*CasesControlsA-listB-list
Europe, MC‡M485340.4 (0.1 to 2.1)0.9 (0.4 to 2.0)Never smokers, exposure tool†
1998–200215F1755050.7 (0.3 to 2.0)1.4 (0.7 to 2.8)
Europe, MC‡M1415311.5 (0.8 to 3.0)1.1 (0.6 to 1.8)Never smokers, overlap with publications8 9 12 exposure tool†
1988–199410F50910111.5 (0.5 to 4.5)1.7 (1.1 to 2.6)
Germany, MC‡F2345350.8 (0.3 to 2.5)1.5 (0.8 to 2.7)Never smokers, overlap with publication10 exposure tool†
1990–19969
Germany, MC‡M588032.4 (1.1 to 5.4)1.4 (0.7 to 2.8)Non-smokers, overlap with publication10 exposure tool†
1990–19968
Germany, MC‡M8398391.6 (1.3 to 2.1)1.3 (1.1 to 1.7)
1988–19937F1651652.8 (0.9 to 9.0)1.8 (0.9 to 3.4)
Germany, MC‡F6867122.7 (1.1 to 6.9)1.9 (1.2 to 2.9)Pooled analysis of publications7
1988–19966
ItalyB1782571.0 (0.3 to 3.0)R0.9 (0.2 to 4.2)RPart of unspecified case-control study
1992–1994141.3 (0.6 to 2.2)I1.6 (0.8 to 3.1)I
Italy, MC‡M95612531.8 (1.4 to 2.5)1.0 (0.8 to 1.3)Overlap with publication10 exposure tool†
1990–199212F1763000.6 (0.1 to 3.7)1.6 (0.8 to 3.3)
ItalyM7567562.3 (1.7 to 3.0)1.3 (1.0 to 1.7)Industrial area, after death: next of kin
1979–19865
ItalyM1644922.3 (0.9 to 5.9)2 industrial areas, after death: next of kin
1976–1980131.4 (0.6 to 3.4)
ItalyM531061.7 (0.7 to 4.1)Industrial area, after death: next of kin
1976–197911
  • *Gender: B, both; F, female; M, male. ‡Multicentre study. †Published tool used for exposure assessment.20 I, industrial area; R, residential area.