Table 1

Observed and expected deaths from selected causes, and corresponding standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), in a cohort of asbestos miners in Balangero, Italy

Cause of deathTotal
ObservedExpectedSMR (95% CI)
Cancers
    Oral cavity/pharynx64.41.37 (0.50 to 2.99)
    Stomach1515.40.97 (0.54 to 1.60)
    Intestine911.70.77 (0.35 to 1.46)
    Liver55.01.01 (0.33 to 2.35)
    Larynx84.41.82 (0.78 to 3.59)
    Lung4535.51.27 (0.93 to 1.70)
    Pleura only40.94.67 (1.27 to 11.96)*
    Pleura and peritoneum51.63.16 (1.02 to 7.36)*
    Prostate76.41.09 (0.44 to 2.25)
    Bladder75.71.24 (0.50 to 2.55)
    Lymphatic and haematopoietic97.91.13 (0.52 to 2.15)
    All cancers142126.31.12 (0.95 to 1.33)
Other major causes
    Ischaemic heart disease5963.60.93 (0.71 to 1.20)
    Cerebrovascular disease3842.10.90 (0.64 to 1.24)
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)1917.41.09 (0.66 to 1.70)
    Asbestosis21
    COPD+asbestosis4017.42.30 (1.64 to 3.13)*
    Cirrhosis5719.42.94 (2.23 to 3.81)*
    Accidents and violence5428.81.88 (1.41 to 2.45)*
    All causes590412.91.43 (1.32 to 1.55)*
Man-years34 432
  • Deaths and man-years beyond age 80 are excluded.

  • *95% CI does not include unity.