Table 2 Cohort study of asbestos cement workers in Casale Monferrato, Italy: cause-specific mortality in 1965–2003
Cause of deathMenWomen
ObsExpSMR95% CIObsExpSMR95% CI
All causes14381064.1135.1**128.2 to 142.3371248.2149.5**134.7 to 165.5
Malignant neoplasm (MN)628333.1188.5**174.1 to 203.916974.1228.2**195.1 to 265.3
MN digestive organs and peritoneum147116.2126.5**106.9 to 148.75026.8186.7**138.6 to 246.1
MN rectum812.265.828.4 to 129.692.8318.6**145.7 to 604.8
MN peritoneum361.32786.6**1951.7 to 3857.8160.62567.3**1467.4 to 4169.1
MN larynx1512.0124.969.9 to 206.110.2480.612.0 to 2677.6
MN lung23797.7242.5**212.6 to 275.5125.4220.5*114.0 to 385.2
MN pleura963.03203.9**2595.2 to 3912.2390.66208.6**4415.0 to 8487.4
MN uterus155.8256.9**143.8 to 423.8
MN ovary94.0227.3*103.9 to 431.5
MN unspecified site157.8192.5*107.7 to 317.441.9205.355.9 to 525.6
Cardiovascular diseases340427.179.6**71.4 to 88.5100108.692.174.9 to 112.0
Respiratory diseases23670.9332.8**291.6 to 378.03611.5314.1**220.0 to 434.8
Bronchitis, emphysema, asthma2338.559.7**37.9 to 89.664.8123.845.4 to 269.5
Asbestosis1620.358 670.4**49 982.9 to 68 433.6240.02122 146.7**78 260.4 to 181 744.2
Silicosis92.4371.8**170.0 to 705.700.020.0 to 23 348.5
Unspecified causes2710.0269.2**177.4 to 391.7113.2346.0**172.7 to 619.2
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01. Exp, expected; MN, malignant neoplasm; Obs, observed; SMR, standardised mortality ratio.