Table 5 Adjusted risk estimates for non-squamous upper aero-digestive cancers among males in association with wood dust exposure, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, 1982–1998
Wood dust exposureCases,n (%)Controls,n (%)Adjusted OR,OR (95% CI)p Trend
All adenocarcinomas of the upper aero-digestive tract* (cases = 448 and controls = 1522)
    Never exposed319 (71.2)1153 (75.8)Ref
    Occasionally exposed87 (19.4)262 (17.2)1.11 (0.83 to 1.48)0.26
    Regularly exposed42 (9.4)107 (7.0)1.23 (0.82 to 1.86)
Adenocarcinoma of the lung and trachea† (cases = 251 and controls = 1522)
    Never exposed174 (69.3)1153 (75.8)Ref
    Occasionally exposed46 (18.3)262 (17.2)1.06 (0.72 to 1.55)0.03
    Regularly exposed31 (12.4)107 (7.0)1.85 (1.15 to 2.97)
Adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus and gastric cardia‡ (cases = 189 and controls = 1522)
    Never exposed139 (73.5)1153 (75.8)Ref
    Occasionally exposed39 (20.6)262 (17.2)1.20 (0.80 to 1.80)0.96
    Regularly exposed11 (5.8)107 (7.0)0.79 (0.39 to 1.58)
Small cell carcinoma of the lung and trachea§ (cases = 112 and controls = 1522)
    Never exposed81 (72.3)1153 (75.8)Ref
    Occasionally exposed15 (13.4)262 (17.2)0.71 (0.39 to 1.30)0.29
    Regularly exposed16 (14.3)107 (7.0)1.82 (0.98 to 3.40)
Large cell carcinoma of the lung and trachea¶ (cases = 100 and controls = 1522)
    Never exposed69 (69.0)1153 (75.8)Ref
    Occasionally exposed23 (23.0)262 (17.2)1.34 (0.79 to 2.31)0.49
    Regularly exposed8 (8.0)107 (7.0)1.07 (0.47 to 2.45)
  • OR, odds ratio.

  • *Adjusted for age, education, pack years of smoking, body mass index and year of enrolment.

  • †Adjusted for age, pack years of smoking, body mass index, smoking status, education, family income and year of enrolment.

  • ‡Adjusted for age, education, pack years of smoking, body mass index, smoking status and year of enrolment.

  • §Adjusted for age, education, pack years of smoking, smoking status and year of enrolment.

  • ¶Adjusted for age, education, pack years of smoking, smoking status and year of enrolment.