Table 4

 Costs* by cause and nature of injury for 173 work-related injuries among active sawmill workers

Median (range) non-healthcare costsMedian (range) healthcare costsTotal non-healthcare costs (%)Total healthcare costs (%)
*All costs in 1995 constant Canadian dollar.
†Includes transportation, drowning, suffocation, foreign body; explosion, firearms, hot substances, electricity; other and unspecified.
‡Includes internal injury—chest, abdomen, pelvis, injuries to nerves and spinal cord; traumatic complications, non-medicinal substances, unspecified, others.
Cause of injury (n)
    Fire, flame, natural and environmental (7)189 768 (2 332–458 024)33 276 (1 819–77 737)1 205 313 (11.62)222 439 (12.6)
    Struck by falling object (13)32 398 (0–822 806)8 625 (543–96 920)1 422 771 (13.71)193 232 (10.95)
    Machinery related (49)26 480 (0–372 567)6 643 (493–60 923)2 667 333 (25.71)494 666 (28.04)
    Cutting and piercing (9)24 706 (5 116–354 008)9 450 (1 024–69 405)797 005 (7.68)151 655 (8.59)
    Caught in or between (9)24 130 (6 793–667 183)4 389 (538–26 163)1 015 909 (9.79)78 421 (4.44)
    Falls (30)19 978 (810–411 727)5 185 9686–48 345)1 510 234 914.56)248 963 [14.11)
    Struck against (24)12 667 [0–352 351)5 741 [527–33 276)1 066 883 [10.28)208 781 [11.83)
    Overexertion (16)7 801 (0–68 770)2 710 (1031–28 145)167 791 (1.62)65 746 (3.72)
    Other† (16)7 801 (487–204 925)2 710 (569–44 208)520 876 (5.02)100 234 (5.68)
    Total (173)16 5594 37710 374 1151 764 137
Nature of injury (n)
    Open wounds (35)51 517 (0–354 008)9 967 (849–60 923)2 713 382 926.15)399 815 922.66)
    Burns (9)48 023 (2332–458 024)5 954 [1819–77 737)1 270 825 (12.24)241 144 [13.66)
    Fracture—upper limb (27)39 713 (4205–372 567)8 277 (538–53 475)1 639 447 (15.8)290 442 (16.46)
    Fracture—lower limb (23)22 439 (8682–208 266)5 794 (1617–29 644)1 198 338 (11.55)207 397 (11.75)
    Fracture of head and trunk (23)9 200 (0–822 806)5 534 (527–96 920)2 365 076 (22.79)332 780 (18.86)
    Dislocation, sprains, strains (35)7 801 (0–166 564)2 710 (686–28 145)464 752 (4.47)120 957 (6.85)
    Superficial and crushing injury(12)4 203 (0–112 845)2 644 (695–35 886)318 624 (3.07)94 599 (5.36)
    Other ‡ (9)4 790 (0–189 768)2 270 (493–33 276)403 670 (3.89)77 003 (4.36)
    Total (173)16 5594 37710 374 1151 764 137