Table 4

 Adjusted* rate ratios and their 95% confidence intervals for sickness absences by the level of paid, domestic, and total working hours combined with the level of control over daily working hours (repeated measures Poisson regression GEE analyses according to work units)

Self-certified (⩽3 days) sickness absencesMedically certified (>3 days) sickness absences
Control over working hours†Control over working hours†
*Adjusted for age, occupational status, type of work contract, type of work schedule, marital status, dependent children, consumption of alcohol, smoking, overweight, and sedentary lifestyle.
†Low: values 1–2; high: values 2.5–5.
‡Paid and domestic working hours and hours commuting.
Women High n = 8280 (42%) Low n = 11 619 (58%) High n = 8280 (42%) Low n = 11 619 (58%)
Paid hours/week⩽401.001.06 (1.02–1.10)1.001.21 (1.16–1.27)
⩽500.92 (0.87–0.98)0.98 (0.93–1.04)0.97 (0.90–1.05)1.22 (1.14–1.31)
>500.80 (0.67–0.96)0.81 (0.70–0.94)1.08 (0.91–1.28)1.05 (0.91–1.21)
Domestic hours/week⩽101.001.05 (0.98–1.13)1.001.15 (1.05–1.27)
⩽251.03 (0.97–1.10)1.07 (1.01–1.14)1.02 (0.94–1.11)1.24 (1.15–1.35)
>250.96 (0.89–1.04)1.11 (1.03–1.19)1.11 (1.00–1.23)1.35 (1.22–1.48)
Commuting hours/week⩽2.51.001.04 (0.99–1.09)1.001.18 (1.11–1.25)
⩽7.51.06 (1.01–1.11)1.15 (1.10–1.20)0.99 (0.93–1.05)1.24 (1.16–1.31)
>7.51.19 (1.08–1.30)1.27 (1.18–1.36)1.10 (0.99–1.24)1.42 (1.31–1.55)
Total hours/week‡⩽501.001.04 (0.95–1.13)1.001.13 (1.01–1.27)
⩽751.05 (0.97–1.12)1.10 (1.02–1.18)1.04 (0.95–1.14)1.29 (1.18–1.42)
>750.97 (0.87–1.07)1.19 (1.08–1.30)1.22 (1.07–1.39)1.46 (1.31–1.64)
Men High n = 2558 (44%) Low n = 3246 (56%) High n = 2558 (44%) Low n = 3246 (56%)
Paid hours/week⩽401.001.08 (0.98–1.20)1.001.24 (1.11–1.38)
⩽500.77 (0.69–0.87)0.87 (0.78–0.98)0.93 (0.79–1.08)1.13 (0.98–1.30)
>500.77 (0.61–0.96)0.96 (0.82–1.11)0.99 (0.81–1.21)1.19 (1.00–1.43)
Domestic hours/week⩽101.001.13 (1.01–1.26)1.001.32 (1.17–1.50)
⩽251.05 (0.93–1.17)1.11 (0.99–1.25)1.22 (1.06–1.41)1.46 (1.29–1.67)
>251.10 (0.86–1.18)1.30 (1.09–1.54)1.43 (1.14–1.79)1.61 (1.33–1.94)
Commuting hours/week⩽2.51.001.17 (1.04–1.30)1.001.22 (1.08–1.38)
⩽7.51.17 (1.04–1.31)1.25 (1.11–1.40)1.01 (0.87–1.16)1.30 (1.15–1.48)
>7.51.16 (0.93–1.45)1.45 (1.19–1.77)1.24 (0.94–1.63)1.39 (1.13–1.70)
Total hours/week‡⩽501.001.08 (0.94–1.23)1.001.25 (1.07–1.46)
⩽750.97 (0.86–1.10)1.08 (0.95–1.23)1.13 (0.97–1.31)1.42 (1.22–1.66)
>750.94 (0.79–1.12)1.22 (1.03–1.43)1.26 (0.99–1.60)1.56 (1.25–1.96)