Table 4 Prognostic factors significantly increasing the chance of successful return to work in chronic low back pain (cLBP) patients
StudyHansson and Hansson 200012*Van der Giezen et al 200013
Study populationEmployees sicklisted due to cLBP in six countries (n  =  2752; 39–74% male†; mean age 39–49 years†)Employees sicklisted due to cLBP (n  =  328; 59% male; mean age 39 years)
Location of studyDenmark, Germany, Israel, Netherlands, Sweden, United StatesNetherlands
Source of data on prognostic factorsInterviews and questionnairesInterviews and questionnaires
Length of work disability at start of study3 months3–4 months
Definition of successful RTWReturn to work (not specified)Resumption of old job or start of new job, on full- or part-time basis
Follow-up1 year1 year
Prognostic factorsLower ageLower age (per 10 years)
No treatment for low back pain before sick-listing
Surgery in the first year of sick-listing
Being a breadwinner
Less pain
Better general health
More job satisfaction
Lower physical demands at work
Lower psychological demands at work
Higher decision latitude at work
  • * Prognostic factors depended on location of study; † depended on location of study.