Table 2

 Associations between relational justice at Phase 1 and GHQ caseness by Phase 2

n (cases)Covariates at Phase 1
UnadjustedAge, grade, physical illness†Age, grade, physical illness, and job demandsAge, grade, physical illness, and job controlAge, grade, physical illness, and social supportAge, grade, physical illness, and effort–reward imbalanceAll
*Excludes GHQ cases at baseline and participants with missing data in any of the predictors.
†Diabetes, diagnosed heart trouble, hypertension, ECG abnormalities, and/or respiratory illness.
Women* 1688 (406)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Relational justice
    High578 (118)1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Intermediate454 (101)1.12 (0.82 to 1.51)1.06 (0.78 to 1.44)1.05 (0.78 to 1.43)1.04 (0.77 to 1.41)1.08 (0.78 to 1.49)1.07 (0.79 to 1.45)1.06 (0.77 to 1.47)
    Low656 (187)1.55 (1.19 to 2.02)1.51 (1.16 to 1.98)1.47 (1.12 to 1.93)1.45 (1.11 to 1.91)1.50 (1.05 to 2.14)1.51 (1.13 to 2.00)1.43 (0.99 to 2.06)
Test for linear trendp < 0.0001p < 0.001p < 0.001p < 0.001p = 0.005p < 0.001p = 0.02
Men* 4048 (797)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Relational justice
    High1234 (200)1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Intermediate1370 (255)1.18 (0.96 to 1.44)1.16 (0.94 to 1.42)1.15 (0.94 to 1.41)1.13 (0.92 to 1.39)1.14 (0.92 to 1.43)1.07 (0.87 to 1.32)1.07 (0.86 to 1.33)
    Low1444 (342)1.60 (1.32 to 1.95)1.63 (1.34 to 1.98)1.59 (1.31 to 1.93)1.54 (1.26 to 1.88)1.53 (1.18 to 1.99)1.37 (1.11 to 1.68)1.34 (1.03 to 1.75)
Test for linear trendp < 0.0001p < 0.001p < 0.001p < 0.001p < 0.001p < 0.001p = 0.001