Table 1

 Characteristics and dioxin concentrations of men and women according to their smoking status

Smoking status
MenWomen
NeverPastCurrentNeverPastCurrent
Data are geometric mean (95% CI) except age (arithmetic mean (SD)) and BMI (harmonic mean (95% CI)). Fat intake was calculated from the consumption of poultry, bovine, and swine products.
*p<0.05 for differences with never smokers (past smokers in case of tobacco consumption), by gender.
Number5637191051717
Age (years)51.9 (9.5)52.9 (9.9)53.3 (7.5)51.9 (10.3)47.7 (8.09)50.1 (10.7)
BMI (kg/m2)25.4 (24.5 to 26.5)27.3 (26.4 to 28.4)*26.3 (24.9 to 27.9)25.3 (24.4 to 26.2)26.2 (24.2 to 28.7)24.3 (22.5 to 26.4)
Fat intake (g/wk)293 (255 to 337)272 (230 to 322)273 (208 to 360)241 (221 to 263)282 (232 to 344)324 (266 to 394)*
Pack-years20.4 (15.3 to 27.1)18.8 (11.6 to 30.5)9.4 (5.9 to 15.1)13.1 (7.5 to 22.8)
Cigarettes/day22.6 (19.7 to 25.9)11.3 (7.2 to 17.7)*13.8 (10.3 to 18.5)10.5 (7.5 to 14.8)
Dioxin and cPCBs concentrations (pg TEQ/g fat)
PCDDs11.9 (10.0 to 14.0)12.7 (10.1 to 16.0)17.7 (14.1 to 22.2)*13.9 (12.6 to 15.5)13.3 (10.8 to 16.3)9.3 (6.2 to 14.1)*
PCDFs11.4 (9.9 to 13.3)12.7 (10.8 to 14.9)15.4 (12.4 to 19.2)12.8 (11.6 to 14.1)11.4 (8.9 to 14.6)9.4 (7.2 to 12.3)*
Total PCDD/Fs23.5 (20.2 to 27.4)25.9 (21.8 to 30.9)33.4 (26.9 to 41.4)*27.0 (24.5 to 29.7)24.8 (19.9 to 31.0)19.1 (13.8 to 26.3)*
Coplanar PCBs7.2 (6.2 to 8.4)7.6 (6.2 to 9.2)8.7 (6.4 to 12.0)7.8 (7.0 to 8.8)6.5 (4.7 to 9.0)5.1 (3.5 to 7.4)*