Table 3

 Occupational factors and smoking at baseline as predictors of health status and quality of life at follow up

Risk factors at baselineHealth status and quality of life at follow up
Risk factorFrequency n (%)SF-12 physical component scoreSF-12 mental component scoreRespiratory quality of life score
Mean (SE)p valueMean (SE)p valueMean (SE)p value
SE, standard error; VGDF, exposure to vapours, gas, dust, or fumes; work disability, respiratory related work disability.
Multivariate model includes the variables shown as well as smoking status, age by category, gender, and race (see table 1 for variable definitions).
Higher SF-12 scores reflect better health status; higher quality of life scores reflect poorer quality of life.
Occupational risk factors
    No disability or exposure (referent)86 (37%)41.1 (1.2)NA47.8 (1.0)NA5.0 (0.5)NA
    VGDF exposure, no work disability90 (38%)37.1 (1.2)0.0247.2 (1.0)0.666.8 (0.5)0.01
    Work disability, no exposure20 (9%)30.7 (2.5)<0.00145.7 (2.1)0.3610.3 (1.0)<0.001
    Work disability and VGDF exposure38 (16%)29.1 (1.9)<0.00147.0 (1.5)0.6812.0 (0.8)<0.001
Cigarette smoking status
    Never (referent)42 (18%)37.5 (1.8)NA49.3 (1.5)NA8.2 (0.8)NA
    Former117 (50%)32.1 (1.1)0.0148.4 (0.9)0.68.6 (0.4)0.57
    Current75 (32%)33.9 (1.4)0.0943.1 (1.1)0.0018.7 (0.6)0.52