Table 1

Estimated lifetime risk of silicosis death for German workers exposed to crystalline silica for 45 years

Exposure levelEstimated lifetime risk* (per 1000)
Latency not consideredLatency considered for 28 years
*Estimation was conducted by using the exposure-response relation given by Mannetje et al and life table of German population in the year 1995.
0.05 mg/m35.30.7
0.1 mg/m311.41.6