Table 4

Logistic regression derived odds ratios of the association between phase 1 effort and reward at work and phase 5 health functioning

Poor physical functioning*Poor mental functioning*
Age and sex adjustedAge, sex, and grade adjustedAge, sex, and coronary risk factor adjustedAge and sex adjustedAge, sex, and grade adjustedAge, sex, and coronary risk factor adjusted
*Poor physical or mental functioning is defined as the lowest quartile of functioning based on the score from the SF-36 questionnaire.
Main model
Effort–reward ratio6918 (1728)6918 (1728)6399 (1592)6918 (1731)6918 (1731)6399 (1605)
Quartile 1BaselineBaselineBaselineBaselineBaselineBaseline
Quartile 20.93 (0.79–1.09)1.07 (0.91–1.27)1.05 (0.88–1.25)0.95 (0.80–1.12)1.09 (0.91–1.29)1.13 (0.95–1.36)
Quartile 31.04 (0.89–1.22)1.25 (1.06–1.48)1.20 (1.01–1.43)1.24 (1.05–1.46)1.47 (1.24–1.75)1.46 (1.22–1.75)
Quartile 41.23 (1.05–1.45)1.47 (1.24–1.74)1.40 (1.18–1.67)1.90 (1.61–2.23)2.24 (1.89–2.65)2.32 (1.94–2.77)
Trendp=0.003p=0.0001p=0.0001p=0.0001p=0.0001p=0.0001
6905 (1727)6905 (1727)6386 (1590)6905 (1727)6905 (1727)6386 (1601)
Low intrinsic effortBaselineBaselineBaselineBaselineBaselineBaseline
High intrinsic effort1.22 (1.09–1.37)1.42 (1.26–1.60)1.38 (1.22–1.56)1.50 (1.34–1.68)1.72 (1.52–1.94)1.70 (1.50–1.93)
Subsidiary model
6919 (1729)6919 (1729)6399 (1592)6919 (1731)6919 (1731)6399 (1605)
Low effortBaselineBaselineBaselineBaselineBaselineBaseline
Medium effort0.91 (0.79–1.05)1.06 (0.92–1.23)1.04 (0.89–1.21)0.88 (0.76–1.01)0.98 (0.85–1.14)0.96 (0.83–1.12)
High effort1.04 (0.91–1.19)1.36 (1.17–1.58)1.29 (1.10–1.51)0.97 (0.85–1.11)1.19 (1.03–1.38)1.19 (1.02–1.38)
Trendp=0.53p=0.0001p=0.001p=0.69p=0.02p=0.03
6923 (1731)6923 (1731)6399 (1592)6923 (1731)6923 (1731)6399 (1605)
Low rewards1.40 (1.23–1.60)1.30 (1.13–1.49)1.33 (1.15–1.53)2.10 (1.83–2.40)1.99 (1.73–2.28)2.03 (0.76–2.35)
Medium rewards1.16 (1.01–1.33)1.13 (0.99–1.30)1.18 (1.02–1.36)1.43 (1.24–1.64)1.40 (1.21–1.61)1.41 (1.22–1.63)
High rewardsBaselineBaselineBaselineBaselineBaselineBaseline
Trendp=0.0001p=0.0002p=0.0001p=0.0001p=0.0001p=0.0001