Table 1

Effect of downsizing on musculoskeletal problems adjusted for age, sex, and income

Indicator of musculoskeletal problems Degree of downsizing Crude values Adjusted ratio / difference (95% CI) p Value for linear trend2-153
Severe pain2-150 Minor201.00
Intermediate261.48 (0.9 to 2.4)
Major392.59 (1.5 to 4.5)<0.001
Sites of musculoskeletal pain2-151 Minor2.770.00
Intermediate3.310.29 (−0.2 to 0.7)
Major4.140.99 (0.4 to 1.6)<0.001
Sickness absence rate2-152 Minor 4.81.00
Intermediate16.62.11 (1.7 to 3.9)
Major39.55.50 (3.6 to 7.6)<0.001
  • 2-150 Crude values are percentages of cases. Adjusted ORs (95% CIs) are reported.

  • 2-151 Crude values are mean numbers of sites. Adjusted differences between means (95% CIs) are reported.

  • 2-152 Crude values are absence rates/100 person-years. Adjusted RRs (95% CIs) are reported.

  • 2-153 The trend was dependent on income for sites of musculoskeletal pain (p=0.018) but otherwise independent of sex and income.