Table 1

Costs payers and distribution of costs for the cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analyses

Costs payerDistribution of costs
Costs paid by employerCosts paid by CSSTCosts paid by grantIntervention costsConsequence of disease costs
$*Estimated costs.
$†Costs not recorded.
Health care costs$$
Income replacement costs$$
Occupational medicine physician$$
Back pain specialist$$
Back school$$
Working hours of participatory ergonomics participants$*$*
Job modifications$†$†