Table 1

Mean (SEM) exposure variables by principal dipping task

VariablePrincipal task
PlungerChuckerHelper
Subjects (n)171213
Urinary metabolites1-150 40.8  (9.8)7.3  (3.0)5.3  (3.7)
Events handling concentrate1-151 7.1 (1.6)0.7 (0.1)0.2 (0.4)
Duration dipped (h)4.9 (0.4)3.8 (0.4)5.1 (0.5)
Time weighted splash score1-152 55.9 (5.3)27.7 (4.9)9.2 (3.4)
Eating or drinking events2.8 (0.5)1.7 (0.4)2.8 (0.4)
Smoking events0.9 (0.4)0.2 (0.5)0.8 (0.2)
  • 1-150 Increment in urinary concentration of DEP+DEPT from before dipping to the next morning (nmol/mmol creatinine).

  • 1-151 Uncorrected for protective gloves.

  • 1-152 Uncorrected for protective clothing.