Table 1

Comparison of demographic and lifestyle characteristics between cases and controls

Variables Cases n (%) Controls n (%)
Age (y):
 65–74190  (52.8)608  (84.5)
 75–84130 (36.1)106 (14.6)
 ⩾8540 (11.1)6 (0.8)
Sex:
 Male176 (48.9)352 (48.9)
 Female184 (51.1)368 (51.1)
Education level:
 Illiterate177 (49.2)272 (37.8)
 Elementary school162 (45.0)370 (51.4)
 High school and higher21 (5.8)78 (10.8)
Marital status:
 Living with spouse164 (45.6)436 (60.6)
 Otherwise196 (54.4)284 (39.4)
Active smoker:
 Yes88 (24.5)190 (26.4)
 No272 (75.5)530 (73.6)
Alcohol consumption:1-150
 Yes43 (11.9)114 (15.7)
 No317 (88.1)606 (84.3)
Routine exercise:1-151
 Yes111 (30.8)246 (34.2)
 No249 (69.2)474 (65.8)
Self reported chronic diseases (n):
 0–3257 (71.4)600 (83.3)
 4–686 (23.9)110 (15.3)
 7–916 (4.4)9 (1.3)
 10–131 (0.3)1 (0.1)
Duration of employment for the lifetime longest held occupation (y):
 <109 (2.5)35 (4.9)
 10–1927 (7.5)67 (9.3)
 20–2928 (7.8)91 (12.6)
 30–3973 (20.3)150 (20.8)
 ⩾40223 (61.9)377 (52.4)
Total360 (100.0)720 (100.0)
  • 1-150 At least one drink/day.

  • 1-151 Participation of folk dancing, hiking, jogging, or walking at least twice a week.