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A new method to determine laterality of mobile telephone use in adolescents
  1. Imo Inyang1,*,
  2. Geza Paul Benke2,
  3. Ray McKenzie3,
  4. Rory Wolfe1,
  5. Michael J Abramson1
  1. 1 Monash University, Australia;
  2. 2 MMS Alfred Hospital, Australia;
  3. 3 ACRBR, Australia
  1. Correspondence to: Imo Inyang, Monash University, Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, the Alfred, Monash University, Melbourne, 3004, Australia; imo.inyang{at}


Objectives: As more children use mobile (cellular) telephones, public anxiety grows about possible adverse health effects of radiofrequency (RF) exposure upon developing nervous systems. Most epidemiological studies investigating health effects of mobile telephones have relied on self reports from questionnaires. Whilst there are some validation studies investigating the accuracy of self-reported mobile phone use in adults and adolescents, self-reported laterality of use has not been validated at any age. Although this study mainly sought to validate accuracy of self reported laterality of mobile telephone use in adolescents, investigation also covered number and duration of calls.

Methods: We monitored 455 calls in 30 students, Mean age (Standard deviation) = 14 (0.4) years. For 1 week, participants used Hardware Modified Phones (HMPs) which logged dosimetric parameters such as laterality (side of head), date, number and duration of calls. These “gold standard” measurements were compared with questionnaire self-reported laterality and estimated typical weekly phone use.

Results: Agreement between HMP and self-reported laterality was modest, kappa (95% confidence interval) = 0.3 (0.0, 0.6). Concordance between HMP and self-reported number of calls was fair, intraclass correlation coefficient ICC = 0.38 (0.07, 0.69) but poor for duration, ICC = 0.01 (0.00, 0.37) with wide limits of agreement for both.

Conclusions: These results suggest that adolescent self-reported laterality was of limited validity. Adolescent self-reported phone use by number and duration of calls was generally inaccurate but comparable to recent adult studies. Epidemiological studies of mobile phone use based on self-reported information may underestimate true associations with health effects.

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