Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Occupational health in Pakistan: challenges and future needs
  1. Sadat Muzammil
  1. Department of Family Medicine, Aldara Hospital and Medical Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sadat Muzammil, Department of Family Medicine, Aldara Hospital and Medical Center, Riyadh 11431, Saudi Arabia; sadatmuzammil{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

A survey of the labour force in 2012/2013 reported that Pakistan’s total workforce is 59.74 million, of which 45.98 million are male and 13.76 million are female. Employment shares are, construction (7.4%), manufacturing (14.1%), transport (5.5%,) agriculture and allied activities (43.7%), and wholesale and retail trade (14.4%) . 1 In Pakistan, there is no national system for recording occupational injuries and work-related casualties. Most accidents are not reported to the labour department, so there is a lack of available data. Data from 10 330 industrial accidents were analysed and a decreasing accident rate was found with an average of 3.1 accidents per 100 factory workers, but fatal accidents increased with …

View Full Text


  • Twitter @sammedicalltd

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.