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Case-control investigation of occupational lead exposure and kidney cancer
  1. Catherine L Callahan1,
  2. Melissa C Friesen1,
  3. Sarah J Locke1,
  4. Pamela J Dopart1,
  5. Patricia A Stewart2,
  6. Kendra Schwartz3,
  7. Julie J Ruterbusch3,
  8. Barry I Graubard4,
  9. Wong-Ho Chow5,6,
  10. Nathaniel Rothman1,
  11. Jonathan N Hofmann1,
  12. Mark P Purdue1
  1. 1 Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
  2. 2 Stewart Exposure Assessments, LLC, Arlington, Texas, USA
  3. 3 Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
  4. 4 Biostatistics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
  5. 5 Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA
  6. 6 The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr. Mark P Purdue, Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology, National Cancer Institute Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Rockville, MD 20850, USA; purduem{at}mail.nih.gov

Footnotes

  • Contributors KS, JJR, BIG, W-HC and NR contributed to the design, enrolment and/or data collection of the case-control study. PAS, MPP, MCF, CLC, PJD and SJL contributed to the exposure assessment. MPP, BIG, CLC and JNH conducted or advised on the creation of study complex sampling weights and/or statistical analysis for this project. MPP and CLC drafted the manuscript. All authors contributed to the writing of the manuscript.

  • Funding This research was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH and the National Cancer Institute.

  • Competing interests PAS is employed by Stewart Exposure Assessments, LLC (Arlington, Virginia, USA). The remaining authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests.

  • Ethics approval Institutional Review Boards at all participating institutions.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors KS, JJR, BIG, W-HC and NR contributed to the design, enrolment and/or data collection of the case-control study. PAS, MPP, MCF, CLC, PJD and SJL contributed to the exposure assessment. MPP, BIG, CLC and JNH conducted or advised on the creation of study complex sampling weights and/or statistical analysis for this project. MPP and CLC drafted the manuscript. All authors contributed to the writing of the manuscript.

  • Funding This research was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH and the National Cancer Institute.

  • Competing interests PAS is employed by Stewart Exposure Assessments, LLC (Arlington, Virginia, USA). The remaining authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests.

  • Ethics approval Institutional Review Boards at all participating institutions.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

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